(CWGC Ref 5/51)

Begun November 1915. Contains the graves of three soldiers who were shot at dawn.


(CWGC Ref 5/51)

Begun March 1915 and used until November 1915.

RENINGHELST (now Reningelst} is a village and commune in the Province of West Flanders, lying in the valley of a small stream, 6 kilometres South-East of Poperinghe. The nearest railway station is at Poperinghe, on the Hazebrouck- Ypres line.

The village was in British occupation from the autumn of 1914 to the end of the War, and it was sufficiently far from the front line to provide a suitable station for Field Ambulances. The Churchyard and the Extension were used from March to November, 1915, when the New Military Cemetery (the Register of which is already published} was opened.

RENINGHELST CHURCHY ARD contains, in the eastern corner, the graves of two soldiers from the United Kingdom and a special memorial to a third, whose grave in the Churchyard cannot now be identified.

RENINGHELST CHURCHY ARD EXTENSION, which was used in 1915, and for two single burials after that year, contains the graves of 55 soldiers from the United Kingdom and one from Australia. It covers an area of 834 square metres, and it is enclosed by a brick wall. There are 2 graves of the 1939-45 War in this cemetery.

The Registers record particulars of 56 British and Dominion burials in the Extension and three in the Churchyard.


The Story of the 1st Dorsets (5th Division - 15th Brigade) at Hill 60 - 1st May 1915.

The Battle Book of Ypres reports the following:-

On the evening of the 1st May 1915 a greenish-yellow vapour came swirling slowly from the German trenches, drifting with the wind, curled round the base of the hill, and, gradually rising, engulfed the summit. The hill was held that day by men of the 1st Dorsets and the 59th Field Company R.E. There, facing the oncoming death, they clung to their trenches and were suffocated as they lay. When the fumes cleared away, reinforcements which came up found that one officer and 50 men had gone to their last account, while four officers and 150 men had collapsed in agonies of choking. 

It was the 1st May 1915 that saw the first failure for GAS. On this faithful day the Hill was being held by the 1st Dorsets, who were equipped with respirators that were not better than useless. It was at 19:17 that the German barrage opened and before the alarm could be sounded gas had been carried on the South Easterly breeze onto the 1st Dorsets, between the railway and were their lines joined the 1st Bedfords.C Coy holding the crest of the Hill got the full brunt and casuaLieutenanties were high. Lieut Kestell-Cornish saved the day by taking to the paraphet and firing into the gas cloud at the enemy and urging his men to follow his lead.

The Dorsets history states. 

An examination of the casuaLieutenanty returns brought to light the terrible ravages caused by the gas. They showed Second Lieutenant Butcher [Reninghelst Churchyard] and fifty two other ranks dead; and in addition six officers and two hundred other ranks were admitted to the field ambulance. In addition thirty two other ranks were missing, men who had crawled away to die, and whose bodies were located afterwards. Only one man was killed and one wounded by shell or rifle fire. Second Lieutenant Cornish was sent to hospital two days later; suffering from the effects of gas, but was able to return to duty in a weeks time, having flatly refused to be sent to England in accordance with medical advice.

A subaLieutenantern in Captain Batten 's company, B, wr6te an anonymous article for the Dorset press.

At about 7 pm I came out of my dugout and saw a hose sticking out over the German parapet, which was just starting to spout a thick yellow cloud with a tinge of green in it. The cloud came out with a hiss that you could hear quite plainly. The gas did not come directly towards us but went slantwise, then our trenches being so close to the gas went into part of the German trenches as well as ours. They boLieutenanted from theirs when they got a whiff of the fiLieutenanthy stuff [an interesting point to note is that the Germans were never particularly good at making effective gas respirators], a few of our men staggered away down the hill, some got into a wood behind it and died there, as the ground was low and the gas followed them, others only got as far as the mine head and communication trenches. The Company in support on my left moved up into the firing line, as did also half of my platoon, consequently I was left with a few men to do all the rescue work. My men were splendid; they all came with me into the gas, except the ones I ordered to stay behind, and we must have saved scores of lives. The men in most cases were lying insensible in the bottom of the trenches, and quite a number were in the mine head, which was the worst possible place. The best place after the first rush of gas was in the firing line, being the highest point.

I was the only officer not in the firing line, and I should think quite two hundred men passed through my hands, some died with me and some on their way down. The Battalion had, I believe, 337 casuaLieutenanties. I can't understand how it was I was not knocked out; it must have been the work I had to do. I was simply mad with rage, seeing strong men drop to the ground and die in this way. They were in agonies. I had to argue with many of them as to whether they were dead or not. Why we got it so hot was because of the closeness of our trenches to the Germans, and this affair does away with the idea that it is not deadly. I saw two men staggering over a field in our rear last night, and when I went and looked for them this morning they were both dead. ALieutenantogether, I suppose, one hundred or two hundred men and two of three officers are dead or will die of the stuff. Am absolutely sickened. Clean killing is at least comprehensive, but this is murder by slow agony absolutely nocks me. The whole civilian world ought to rise up and exterminate those swine across the Hill.

Roll of Honour.


BUTCHER, Lieutenant. Charles Geoffrey. Dorsetshire Regt. Killed in action 2nd May, 1915. Age 23. Native of Acton, London. Son of G. W. I. and Mary Butcher, of York Cottage, Totland Bay, Isle of Wight.

EDWARDS, Rifleman. C., 5468. 4th Battalion. The Rifle Brigade. 1st April, 1915.

TILL, Lance. Cpl. W., 7940 1st En. N. Staffordshire Regt. 2nd Nov., 1915. Age 31. Son of Eliza Ann Sutton (formerly Till), of 26, Hill St., Stoke-on-Trent, and the late James Till. Special Memorial. 


BALL, Lance. Cpl. T. W., 11054. 4th Battalion. Royal Fusiliers. 17th Sept., 1915. II.

BALLARD, Lance. Cpl. A., 59. 2nd Battalion. Lancashire Fusiliers. 4th May, 1915. 41.

BARR, Private. William James, 82413. 20th Battalion. Durham Light Inf. Died of Wounds 4th Sept., 1918. Age 19. Son of Annie Kidd (formerly Barr), of 48, King St., Carlisle, and the late Joseph Barr. 56.

BARWICK, Private. G. W., 9705. 1St Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 2nd May, 1915. 54.

BERGIN, The Rev. M., M.C. Australian Army Chaplain, 3rd Class. 12th Oct., 1917. 1.

BRAMMlER, Private. T., 10163. 2nd En. Duke of Wellington's Regr. 5th May, 1915. Age 40. Son of Michael Brennen, of Hull ; husband of Mary Brennen, of 19, Wesley Square, Goole. 33.

BROWN, Priavte. R. C., 9654. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 3rd May, 1915. 52.

BROWN, 2nd Lieutenant. William Leonard. 6th Battalion. Sherwood Foresters. 25th Sept., 1915. Age 23. Son of Major Abram Brown and Lucie Brown, of 20, Hardwick St., Buxton, Derbyshire. A Solicitor. 10.

BURROWS, Private. I., 36970. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 3rd May, 1915. 48.

CAULFIELD, Private. Joseph, 6707. 9th Battalion. Northumberland Fusiliers. 1st Oct, 1915. Age 19. Son of Edward and Hannah Caulfield, of 25, Hudson St., Tyne Dock, South Shields. Native of South Moor, West Stanley, Co. Durham. 7.

CONLEY, Private. Martin, 13122. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. 5th May, 1915. Age 35. Husband of Edith Conley, of 30, Brightmore St., Sheffield. 32.

COONEY, Private. Thomas, 4311. 12th Battalion. Manchester Regt. Died of Wounds 14th Aug., 1915. Age 23. Son of Andrew and Teresa Cooney, of 17, Kirby St., Ancoats, Manchester. Native of Dublin. 19.

CULL, Private. I. T., 11768. 7th Battalion. Yorkshire Regt. 19th Aug., 1915. 17.

DAY, Private. H., 37013. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 2nd May, 1915. 53.

DEVANEY, Private. J., 6324. 1st Battalion. Royal Irish Fusiliers. 21st March, 1915. 57.

DOGGETT, Rifleman. Fredrick, 1622. Ist Battalion; Monmouthshire Regt. 29th Sept., 1915. Age 18, Son of Mrs. Esther Doggett of 3, Lyne Rd;, Newport Mon. 9.

DOWDEN, Private. G. W., 11361. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. 5th May, 1915. 38.

DOWNES, Private. J ., 10849. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. 5th May, 1915. 36.

HALL, Private. F., 17248. 7th Battalion. York and Lancaster Regt. 5th Sept., 1915. 14.

HAWORTH, Private. Albert, 14006. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. 7th May, 1915. Age 19. Son of Benjamin and Susannah Haworth, of 18, Ribstone St., Mytholmroyd, Yorks. 29.

HAYWARD Lance. Cpl. Hubert Sidney, 3/7374. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. Died of wounds (gas) 2nd May, 1915. Age 20. Son of John and Charlotte Hayward, of " Onoha," Sandbanks Rd., Parkstone, Dorset. 46.

HEGGIE, 2nd Lieutenant. David Alexander. 9th attd. Ist Battalion. Royal Scots Fusiliers. 3rd Aug., 1915. Age 26. Son of Alexander Heggie, of 24 Heggie, Blackball, Midlothian. 21.

HODSON, Private. Albert, 11502. 7th Battalion. Lincolnshire Regt. 6th Sept, 1915. Age 35. Son of James and Lydia Godson, of Lincoln; husband of Margaret Helen Needham {formerly Hodson), of 67, Foundry St., Homcastle, Lincs. 12.

HORTON, Private. D. 3/8179. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 3rd May, 1915. 41.

JACKSON, Lance. Cpl. B., 3/8441. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 3rd May, 1915. 42.

JACKSON, Pre. H., 41668. 15th Field Amb., Royal Army Medical Corps. 31st May, 1915. Age 22. Son of Rothwell and Mary Jackson, of 5, Cobden St., Chadderton, Oldham. 23.

JUBB, Private. J., 10579. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Reg. 7th May, 1915. 28.

KEY, Lieutenant. Douglas Polson. 78th Field Coy. Royal Engineers. 25th Aug., 1915. Age 21. Son of Dr. James Miln Key and Annie Key, of 38, Oeveland Square, Paddington, London. 16.

LANGMAN, Private. T., 11274. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. 5th May, 1915. 31.

McCARTRY, Private. E., 4068. loth Battalion. Lancashire Fusiliers. 5th Sept., 1915. 13.

McCARTRY, Private. J., 7937. 1st Battalion. N. Stafford- shire Regt. 1st Nov., 1915. 4.

MAJOR, Lieutenant. Harold. 14th Battalion. Middlesex Regt. 19th Oct., 1915. Age 22. Son of Mr. A. J. Major, of I, The Avenue, Crescent St., Cottingham, Hull. Native of Whit by, Yorks. 5.

MASLIN, Sergeant. H., L!4158. 1st Battalion. Royal West Kent Regt. 1st June, 1915. Age 36. Son of Mr. W. and Mrs. P. Maslin. 22.

MA YNE, Private. G. H., 133. XII Royal Lancers. 2nd May, 1915. Age 28. Son of Mrs. C. G. Mayne, of 52, Cotton St., Poplar, London. 39.

MILLS, Private. William Leonard, 3/7089. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. Died of wounds (gas) 3rd May, 1915. Age 18. Son of Henry and Rosetta Mills, of Leytonstone, London. 43.

MITCHELL, Corporal. J ., 9251. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 2nd May, 1915. 45.

MORRIS, Private. J. W ., 12512. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. 5th May, 1915. 30.

NORTH, Lance. Cpl. F., 7303. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. 5th May, 1915. 35.

O'HARE, Private. J., 3114. 2nd Battalion. South Lancashire Regt. 4th Aug., 1915. 20.

PANTER, Private. W., 13784. 8th Battalion. S. Staffordshire Regt. 18th Aug., 1915. 18.

PHILLIPS, Sergeant. J., 9794. 1st Battalion. N. Stafford- shire Regt. 19th Oct., 1915. 3.

QUINN, Private. John Arthur, 10523. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. 5th May, 1915. Age 26. Son of Mrs. Mary Mullin, of 28, Nelson Square, Hart Lane, Keighley. 34.

RAWLINSON, 2nd Lieutenant. Curwen Vaughan. 3rd attd. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 21St May, 1915. Age 24. Son of the late Charles William Rawlinson, a Master of the Supreme Court, and of Amy Vaughan Rawlinson, of Winchfield, Rants. 26.

READ, Private. Albert John Leech, 3/6469. " D" Coy. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 2nd May, 1915. ] Age 21. Son of Charles and Mary Jane Read, of Hale Park Gardens, Breamore, Hants. Native of Wimbome St. Giles, Dorset. 49.

RICE, Private. E., 14555. 18th Hussars. 24th May, 1915. 25.

RIVERS, Private. W. S., 1011O. 4th Battalion. Royal Fusiliers. 28th May, 1915. 24.

SCOTT, Private. F., 17733. 12th Battalion. Royal Fusiliers. 14th Oct., 1915. 6.

SHARP, Private. Frederick, 7172. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. Died of wounds (gas) 2nd May, 1915. Age 32. Son of Robert and Eliza Sharp, of 148) New North Rd., Islington, London. 50.

STEVENS, Sergeant. G., 3!8453. 1st Battalion. Bedfordshire Regt. 3rd May, 1915. 40.

WARD LE, Cpl. R., 6954. 2nd Battalion. Duke of Wellington's Regt. Killed in action 5th May, 1915. Age 31. Husband of Mrs. E. Wardle, of 14, Baker St., Kirkstall Rd., Leeds. 37.

WHARFE, Private. W. E., 3/7087. 1st Battalion. Dorset- shire Regt. 3rd May, 1915. 44.

WILCOX, 2nd Lieutenant. Kenneth Theodore Dunbar. 8th Battalion. The Queen's. Killed in action near Lankhof Chateau, Ypres, 8th Nov., 1915, and buried by his father at Reninghelst, l0th Nov. Age 20. Son of the Rev. Alfred G. Wilcox, M.A., C.F ., Vicar of St. George's, Battersea Park Rd., London, S.W. (Senior Chaplain of the XV (Scottish) Division and the Highland Division) and Mrs. A. G. Wilcox. Formerly King's Scholar of Westminster School, and Westminster Exhibitioner of Chr1st Church, Oxford. 2.

WILLIAMS, Rifleman. A. G., 2593. 1st Battalion. Monmouthshire Regt. 29th Sept., 1915. Age 20. Son of William and Annie Susannah Williams, of 11, Marlborough Rd., Maindee, Newport, Mon. 8.

WILSON, Private. H., 13991. 8th Battalion. S. Staffordshire Regt. 26th Aug., 1915. 27.

WOODMAN, Private. W. C., 3/8701. 1st Battalion. Dorsetshire Regt. 2nd May, 1915. 51.


ONE UNKNOWN BRITISH SOLDIER is buried in grave number 15 in this Cemetery.