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Aspidistra fungilliformis

Aspidistra fungilliformis subsp. formosa
Aspidistra fungilliformis subsp. fungilliformis

Aspidistra fungilliformis subsp. formosa

Accepted name Aspidistra fungilliformis subsp. formosa H.-J. Tillich, Feddes Repertorium 119 (1 - 2): 40 (2008).
Synonyms  
Distribution Vietnam (Ninh Binh)
Description  
References  
Comments

 

Aspidistra fungilliformis subsp. fungilliformis

Accepted name Aspidistra fungilliformis subsp. fungilliformis Y. Wan. Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin. 4(4): 165, fig. 1. (1984).
Synonyms Aspidistra bimoda J. L. Huang
Distribution China (W Guangxi)
Description Rhizome: creeping, subterete, occasionally epigeous, 3 - 5 mm in diameter, not scaly [i.e. not as shown in drawings below].

Leaves: usually solitary but occasionally in pairs, spaced on rhizome, to ca. 30 cm [but generally much smaller]; cataphylls purple ca. 3 cm. becoming scarious; petiole 5 - 17 cm [generally in smaller size range], rather slender; lamina green but generally with yellow-white spots, ovate-elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, 8.5 - 14 cm long x 2.8 - 6.5 cm wide [generally in smaller size range], lamina held horizontally.

Peduncle: 1 - 4 cm long with 4 - 6 bracts, bracts translucent white, speckled with purple; flowers solitary [usually hermaphrodite but male (& female?) flowers sometimes produced].

Perianth [Perigone]: campanulate, ca. 1.5 cm long x 2 cm diameter; tube purple-black inside, translucent white spotted and lined with purple outside [not purple in my experience i.e. not as described in FoC), 1.2 - 1.6 cm long x 1.1 - 1.3 cm diameter; lobes 6, spreading or reflexed, translucent white with purple spotting abaxially [not purple abaxially in my experience i.e. not as described in FoC], broadly oblong, tips rounded, 6 - 10 mm long x 5 - 8 mm wide.

Stamens: 6, inserted at base of perianth tube; filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers subreniform, 2 - 2.5 mm [about half this size in my experience].

Pistil: mushroom-shaped; style [not articulate in my experience i.e. not as described in FoC] slender, columnar, purple,  1 - 1.2 cm long x 2 - 3 mm diameter, abruptly developed at the top into a delicate, convex, thin-walled hemispheric stigma, 5 - 6 mm long x 1 - 1.2 cm diameter, 3-lobed, the lobes slightly emarginate resulting in 6 shallow marginal lobes, the adaxial surface (stigmatic surface) pure white with three radial lines bifurcating at the tips, the whole exceeding anthers, shorter than perianth tube but more or less filling perianth opening [absent in male flowers]; ovary indistinct.

Fruit: undescribed.

Phenology: Flowers October - January [or March - April].

2n = 36

Based on FoC, Li Guangzhao 2004, K-Y Lang and personal observations.

References  
Comments There are at least two forms in cultivation, Ogisu 90050 and 'Stargazey' both of which I have seen flower.  'Stargazey' is usually said to be a form of A. typica but is instead A. fungilliformis.

 

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last updated 23/10/2008