Ensete arnoldianum (E. A. J. De Wildeman, Bull. Soc. Etud. Colon. Brux. 8: 339 (1901)) E. E. Cheesman, Kew Bulletin 2 (2): 103 (1947).
Accepted name Ensete ventricosum (F. M. J. Welwitsch, Apont. 545 and 587 (1867)) E. E. Cheesman, Kew Bulletin 2 (2): 101 (1947) and R. E. D. Baker & N. W. Simmonds, Kew Bulletin 8 (3): 405 - 416 (1953) with correction in Kew Bulletin 8 (4): 574 (1953). Synonyms Musa arnoldiana E. A. J. De Wildeman, Bull. Soc. Etud. Colon. Brux. 8: 339 (1901). Authorities The source for the accepted name and synonym is Baker & Simmonds 1953 as corrected (please see link below).
The synonym is from Cheesman 1947a.
The World Checklist of Monocotyledons gives Ensete arnoldianum (De Wild.) Cheesman, Kew Bull. 2: 103 (1947 publ. 1948) (synonym Musa arnoldiana De Wild., Bull. Soc. Étude Colon. Bruxelles 8: 339 (1901)) as a synonym of Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman, Kew Bull. 2: 101 (1947 publ. 1948) which is given as the accepted name.
Distribution Congo. Description See Ensete ventricosum for a general description of this polymorphic species.
See Musa arnoldiana for a description of the type.
References Aluka, Baker & Simmonds 1953 : 406 & 574, Champion 1967 : 38, Cheesman 1947a : 103, WCM. Comments Cheesman created Ensete arnoldianum as a new combination (number 13 out of 25) in a brief note in his 1947 paper reviving the genus Ensete. Cheesman revived one and created 24 new Ensete species in that paper but acknowledged that field study might reveal synonymy. Baker and Simmonds' 1953 review of the genus Ensete in Africa radically reduced the number of species either reducing or rejecting most of Cheesman's African Ensete. Baker and Simmonds' original paper reduced Ensete arnoldianum to a synonym of Ensete edule. However, when it was noticed that, via Musa ventricosa, Ensete ventricosum took priority over Ensete edule by three years a substantial correction appeared in the following issue of Kew Bulletin that reduced Ensete arnoldianum to a synonym of Ensete ventricosum (please refer to R. E. D. Baker & N. W. Simmonds, Kew Bulletin 8 (4): 574 (1953)).
Under Ensete arnoldianum Cheesman 1947a comments:
"Musa hybrida Gillet in L'Agronomie tropicale (1909), 29, appears to have been a hybrid between E. arnoldianum [= E. ventricosum] and E. gilletii. I have not seen the original description but take the information from De Wildeman, [presumably Bull. Soc. Etud. Colon. Brux. 8 (1901), 339.] who did not know how the hybrid was obtained. The plant is of some interest as it is the only recorded hybrid in the genus Ensete, but in view of the scanty information about it I have not thought a new combination necessary for it under that genus".
Type: J. Gillet no. 1850, région de Dembo, Congo 1901; in Herb. Brux.
There are three external images of Gillet's type of Musa arnoldiana at the Aluka website http://www.aluka.org.
last updated 24/11/2007