Ensete ruandense (E. A. J. De Wildeman, Bull. Jard. Bot. Bruxelles 8: 111 (1923)) E. E. Cheesman, Kew Bulletin 2 (2): 104 (1947).
Accepted name Ensete ventricosum (F. M. J. Welwitsch) E. E. Cheesman, Kew Bulletin 2 (2): 104 (1947) and R. E. D. Baker & N. W. Simmonds, Kew Bulletin 8 (3): 405 (1953) with correction in Kew Bulletin 8 (4): 574 (1953). Synonyms Musa ruandensis E. A. J. De Wildeman, Bull. Jard. Bot. Bruxelles 8: 111 (1923). Authorities The authority for the accepted name is Baker & Simmonds 1953 as corrected (see below).
The synonym is from Cheesman 1947a.
The World Checklist of Monocotyledons gives Ensete ruandense (De Wild.) Cheesman, Kew Bull. 2: 104 (1947 publ. 1948) (synonym Musa ruandensis De Wild., Bull. Jard. Bot. État 8: 111 (1923)) as a synonym of Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman, Kew Bull. 2: 101 (1947 publ. 1948) which is given as the accepted name.
Distribution Rwanda Description See Ensete ventricosum for a description of this polymorphic species. References Aluka, Baker & Simmonds 1953 : 406, Champion 1967: 42, Cheesman 1947a : 104, WCM. Comments Cheesman created Ensete ruandense as a new combination (number 24 out of 25) in a brief note in his 1947 paper reviving the genus Ensete. Cheesman revived one and created 24 new Ensete species in that paper but acknowledged that field study might reveal synonymy. Baker and Simmonds' 1953 review of the genus Ensete in Africa radically reduced the number of species either reducing or rejecting most of Cheesman's African Ensete. Baker and Simmonds' original paper reduced Ensete ruandense to a synonym of Ensete edule. However, when it was noticed that, via Musa ventricosa, Ensete ventricosum took priority over Ensete edule by three years a substantial correction appeared in the following issue of Kew Bulletin that reduced Ensete ruandense to a synonym of Ensete ventricosum (please refer to R. E. D. Baker & N. W. Simmonds, Kew Bulletin 8 (4): 574 (1953)).
Type: cultivated at Kisantu (D. R. Congo) by J. Gillet from seed collected in Rwanda by Durand (May 1923) (B&S 1953); in Herbarium at Brussels.
There are two external images of Musa ruandensis at the Aluka website http://www.aluka.org.
last updated 11/01/2008