Musa agharkarii

Musa agharkarii A. K. Chakravorti, Journal of the Indian botanical Society 27 (2): 93 (1948).

Accepted name Ensete glaucum (W. Roxburgh) E. E. Cheesman, Kew Bulletin 2 (2): 101 (1947).
Synonyms Ensete agharkarii (A. K. Chakravorti) D. K. Hore, B. D. Sharma & G. Pandey, Journal of economic and taxonomic Botany 16 (2): 447-455 (1992).
Authorities The authorities for the accepted name are Rao & Hajra 1976 notwithstanding Hore et al 1992 who are the authorities for the synonym.

The World Checklist of Monocotyledons gives Musa agharkarii Chakravorti, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 27: 93 (1948) as a synonym of Ensete agharkarii (Chakravorti) Hore, D. K., Sharma B. D., & Pandey G., J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 16: 450 (1992) which is listed as an accepted name.

Distribution Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bengal (Bangladesh).
Description Pseudostem green, 7 - 8 ft. (2.1 - 2.4 m) tall, much swollen at the base (4 - 5.5 ft. [1.2 - 1.7 m] in diameter), gradually tapering towards the apex, assuming the form of a club, hence the vernacular name "gada kela" (literally "club banana"); 5 thick and broad ribs on the base of the stem, gradually disappearing towards the apex where the trunk is smoother in contour.

(Chakravorti 1948).

References Chakravorti 1948, Chakravorti 1951, Hore et al 1992, Rao & Hajra 1976, Sastri 1962 : 450, Schumann 1912, WCM.
Comments Chakravorti 1948 compared the morphological characters of the plant with descriptions of Musa glauca in Schumann 1900 and concluded that it was a distinct species. (Schumann listed 2 Indian spp. in the Musa subgenus Physocaulis, i.e. M. superba Roxb. and M. nepalensis Wall., and placed M. glauca Roxb. in Eumusa). However, the taxon was later reduced to a synonym of Ensete glaucum by Rao & Hajra 1976. In 1992 Hore et al, in apparent ignorance of Rao & Hajra 1976 transferred Musa agharkarii to Ensete agharkarii on the basis that it was a "non-stoloniferous, single stemmed monocarpic herb with unusual robust girth which bears the chromosome number 2n = 18, [Chakravorti 1948] [which] suggests its appropriate placement under [that] genus".

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last updated 21/04/2008