Musa sapientum L. Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1303 (1759).
Accepted name Musa (AAB group) 'Silk fig'
Musa x paradisiaca L., Species Plantarum : 1043 (1753).
Synonyms Authorities The accepted name is after Cheesman 1948c.
The World Checklist of Monocotyledons gives Musa × sapientum L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1303 (1759) as a synonym of Musa × paradisiaca subsp. sapientum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 692 (1891) which is itself a synonym of Musa × paradisiaca L., Sp. Pl.: 1043 (1753) which is listed as the accepted name.
Section Distribution Description References Argent 1984, Burkill 1935, Cheesman 1948a, Cheesman 1948c, Cullen 1997, Fawcett 1913 : 263, Flora Guandong, Griffiths 1994, GRIN, Hotta 1989, Huxley 1992, Mobot Tropicos, RHS 1956, Sagot 1887 : 329, Stover & Simmonds 1987. Comments Published as Musa sapientum the "x" is added to indicate its presumed hybridity. In this context Musa x paradisiaca is effectively the same as "an undetermined cultivated banana". This should not be read as implying that Musa x sapientum is Musa (AAB group) 'French' plantain, Cheesman's identification of Musa x paradisiaca L. (Cheesman 1948).
Linnaeus' entry for Musa sapietum in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae of 1759 is at http://www.botanicus.org/page/587222.
"Musa sapientum is the most confounded and confusing combination in the whole literature of Musa" (Cheesman 1948a: 13).
more to follow...but for the time being see discussion at Musa paradisiaca.
Image of Musa sapientum by Georg Ehret at http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/dept/pdp/opac/cataloguedetail.html?&priref=31637&_function_=xslt&_limit_=10 or via http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/collections/
last updated 01/05/2008