Musa ulugurensis

Musa ulugurensis O. Warburg & O. Moritz ex O. Warburg, Der Tropenpflanzer 8: 116 (1904).

Accepted name Ensete ventricosum (F. M. J. Welwitsch) E. E. Cheesman, Kew Bulletin 2 (2): 101 (1947) and R. E. D. Baker & N. W. Simmonds, Kew Bulletin 8 (3): 405 (1953) with correction in Kew Bulletin 8 (4): 574 (1953).
Synonyms Ensete ulugurense (O. Warburg & O. Moritz) E. E. Cheesman, Kew Bulletin 2 (2): 103 (1947).
Authorities The authority for the accepted name is Baker & Simmonds 1953 as corrected (see below).

The synonym is from Cheesman 1947.

The World Checklist of Monocotyledons gives Musa ulugurensis Warb. & Moritz, Tropenpflanzer 8: 116 (1904) as a synonym of Ensete ulugurense (Warb. & Moritz) Cheesman, Kew Bull. 2: 103 (1947 publ. 1948) and Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman, Kew Bull. 2: 101 (1947 publ. 1948) which is listed as an accepted name.

Section  
Distribution Tanzania (Uluguru, German East Africa).
Description Plant over 20 ft. high. Trunk about 2 ft. in diameter at base. Leaves 16 ft. long. Inflorescence drooping. Female flowers (before opening) 6 in. long, off-white. Perianth (not yet open) 2 in. long, divided nearly to the base into three obtuse lobes with two linear strips on the inside alternating with the lobes and about as long ; free petal about in. long, with broad wings which form lateral lobes at the apex, the median lobe long cuspidate. Fruits pale-yellow when ripe, 4 in. long, 2 in. thick ; 100 - 150 per bunch, forming a spherical conglomeration. Seeds black, 10 - 20 per fruit, about in. long and in. broad, embedded in orange-coloured pulp. Male flowers and subtending bracts deciduous.

(Moritz 1903, Warburg 1904, Fawcett 1913, Stuhlmann 1909).
References Baker & Simmonds 1953: 406, Cheesman 1947a: 103, De Wildeman 1912: 358, Fawcett 1913: 274 - 275, Lock 1993: 3, Mobot Tropicos, Moritz 1903: 550 - 551, Stuhlmann 1909: 60, Uphof 1968, Warburg 1904: 116 - 119, Warburg & Moritz 1905: 121.
Comments This was one of a number of African Musa transferred to Ensete by Cheesman in his 1947 paper reviving the genus Ensete. It was later reduced to a synonym of Ensete ventricosum by Baker & Simmonds 1953 as corrected (please refer to R. E. D. Baker & N. W. Simmonds, Kew Bulletin 8 (4): 574 (1953)). It is now recognised that there are no wild Musa native to Africa, only Ensete.

Type: probably Berlin (+).

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last updated 02/05/2008