Achilles, -i : Achilles

Achivus, -i m : an Achaean, Greek

acies, -ei f : eyes, gaze; line of battle

adhuc : still

admiror (1) : I wonder at

adorti (sunt) from adorior (4) : attempt

adsuesco, -ere, -suevi : I accustom, inure

adversum (adv) : towards

adversus, -a, um : opposite, facing

adverto. -ere, -verti : I turn, steer

Aeaciden Greek acc from Aeacides : grandson of Aeacus (Achilles)

aequor, -oris n : sea

aequus,-a,-um : fair, just [equal]

aer, aeris m : air aera is a Greek accusative

aeripes, -pedis (adj) : bronze-footed

aes, aeris n : bronze, bronze sculpture

aeternum (adv) : eternally, for ever

aether, aetheris m : the upper air [ether].

aetherius, -a, -um : heavenly, above [ether]

Agamemnonius, -a, -um : belonging to Agamemnon

age : come!

agger, aggeris m : mound, mountain

agmen; inis n : army, marching men

agnosco, -ere, agnovi, agnitum : I recognise

ago, -ere, egi, actum : I drive

alacris, -e : eager, keen; tr eagerly

Albanus, -a, -um : Alban, from Alba Longa

albus, -a, -um : white

Alciden: Greek acc from Alcides, a name for Hercules

alii, -orum : others

aliter adv : otherwise

Alpinus, -a, -um : Alpine

alte : deeply, closely

alter, -era, -erum : one, the other (of two)

altus, -a, -um : high

alveus, -i m : boat

amor, amoris m : love, desire

Amphrysius, -a, -um : Amphrysian, of Apollo.

amplexus, -us m : embrace

Anchises : Anchises, the father of Aeneas

Anchisiades: son of Anchises.

Ancus, -i m : Ancus, the fourth king of Rome

anima, -ae f : soul

annus, -i m : year

antrum, -i n : cave, den

aperio, -ire, aperui, apertum : I open, reveal

aptus, -a, -um : fitted with,

ara,-ae f: altar

arbor, -oris (also arbos, -oris) f : tree

arcus, -us m : bow

ardens adj: blazing, exceptional [ardent]

Argos n : Argos, in southern Greece

arma, -orum n pl : arms, weapons, tools

armatus, -a, -um : armed

armipotens : mighty in arms

ars, artis f : art, skill

arvum, -i n : field

arx, arcis f : citadel, stronghold

aspecto (1) : I look at

aspicio. -ere, -spexi, -spectum : I look at

at: but

ater,atra,atrum: black

Atlas : Atlas, a Titan who supports the sky on his shoulders.

attigerint from attingo (future perfect)

attingo, -ere, -tigi, : I attain, reach

Augustus Caesar: the first (and current) emperor of Rome.

aura,-ae f: breeze, air

aurea saecula : ”the golden age•

aureus,-a,-um : golden

auricomus,-a,-um : with golden foliage

aurum,-i n : gold

Ausonius, -a, -um : Ausonian, Italian

autem : but, however

avello, -ere, avelli, -avulsum : I tear off, pull off

avidus,-a,-um : eager, eagerly

avis, avis f : bird

avulsus from avello

avus, -i m : grandfather, ancestor

axis, -is m : the vault, dome (of the sky)

bellum , -i m : warfare

bis: twice

bracchium, -i n : arm

brattea, -ae f : gold-leaf, foil

breviter : briefly

brumalis,-e : wintry

Brutus, -i m : Brutus : the first consul of Rome

caedo, -ere, caedi, caesum : I kill, slaughter

caelifer: who holds up the sky

caelum, -i n : heaven, sky

caeruleus, -a, -um : blue (caelum)

Caesar : Augustus

Camillus, -i m : Camillus

candens (adj) : white

capio, -ere, cepi, captum : I take, occupy

Capitolium, -i n : the Capitol

carina -ae f : boat

carpo,-ere, carpsi : I pick, grasp

carus, -a, um : dear

Caspius, -a, -um : Caspian

castus, -a, -um : chate, pure

Cato : Marcius Porcius Cato, censor in 184 B.C.

causa, -ae f : cause, case (in the lawcourts)

celsus, -a, -um : high

cerno, -ere : I see [discern]

cerva, -ae f : deer

cieo (2) : I summon, conjure up

circum : around

circumdo, -dare, -dedi, -datum : I encircle, embrace

circumvenio,-ire,-veni,-ventum : I surround

clades, -is f : destruction

classis, -is f : fleet

claudo,-ere, clausi, clausum : I shut in, enclose

collum, -i n : neck

columba,-ae f : dove

commixtus from commisceo (2) : ”blended with•; ”having a share of•

comprehendo, -ere, -prehendi, pre(he)nsum : I grasp [prehensile]

comprensa : perfect participle passive from comprehendo

comprimo. -primere, -pressi, -pressum : I check, stop

concors, concordis (adj) : harmonious, peaceful

condo, -ere, condidi : I found, establish

coniunx, coniugis c : wife; husband [conjugal]

conor (1) : I try

consisto, -ere, -stiti : I stand, take my stand

consul, -consulis m : consul, the chief magistrate of the Roman Republic: later two were elected every year.

contra : against; in return

convallis,-is m : valley

convello = avello

conventus, -us m : assembly

cor, cordis n : heart

corda from cor pl for singular

Corinthus, -i f : Corinth

corneus, -a, -um : of horn, made of horn

corripio,-ere, corripui, correptum : I snatch, seize

Cossus, -i m : Cossus

credo, -ere, -didi, ditum : I believe

crepito (1) : I rattle, rustle

crinis, -is m : hair (usually in pl)

croceus,-a,-um : yellow, saffron-coloured

cum (conj); when

cumba, -ae f : boat

cunctor (1) : I delay

cupido, cupidinis f : desire, lust [Cupid]

cura, -ae f : ”calculation•

Cures, Curium f pl : Cures, a small town

currus, -us m : chariot

cursus,-us m : course, flight, route

da from do ”allow•

datur from do : ” is it allowed, may I...?•

de + abl : about

debello (1) : make war on, crush in war

decerpo,-ere,decerpsi : I pick

Decii, -orum : the Decii

deduco, -ere, -duxi, -ductum : kidnap

deinde : next, hereafter

derigo,-ere, derexi, derectum : I direct, steer, guide

descendo. -ere, -scendi : I descend, come down

descensus,-us: descent

describo, -ere, -scripsi, -scriptum : I trace

desuetus, -a, -um : unused, unaccustomed

deturbo (1) : I push aside

dextra - ae f : right hand

dico, -ere, dixi, dictum : I speak

dictum,-i ,n: word

dinumero (1) : I count up

dis = deis. dis geniti : descended from the gods

Dis,Ditis: Dis or Pluto, the king of the Underworld

disco, -ere, didici : I learn, get to know

discolor (adj) : of a different colour

dives,divitis (adj) : rich

divum = divorum from divus

divus, -a, -um : divine, god

do, dare, dedi, datum : I give

doceo, -ere, docui, doctum : I teach, explain [doctor]

domina, -ae f : mistress

dominor (1) : I rule

donum, -i n : gift

Drusi, -orum : the Drusi

dubius, -a, -um : doubtful, difficult

dubito (1) : I doubt

ducebam animo : ” I was pondering •

duco, -ere, duxi, ductum : I trace

dum : while, as long as

durus,-a,-um : hard, tough

dux, ducis c : guide, leader

eburnus, -a, -um : of ivory

educo, -ere, -duxi, -ductum : I bring forth, bear

effor, effari, effatus sum : I speak out

effugio, -ere, -fugi, -fugitum : I escape

effundo, -ere, -fudi, -fusum : I pour out

effusae (supply sunt) from effundo

elephantus, -i : ivory

emitto, -ere, -misi, -missum : I send out, despatch

eo, ire, ii or ivi, itum : I go

Eous, -a, um : of the dawn, eastern

equidem : I in fact...

Erebus, -i m : Erebus, a name for the Underworld

ergo : therefore

eruo. -ere : I over throw

Erymanthus, i m : Erymanthus, a mountain range in southern Greece.

essent from sum (imperf subj)

este from sum. plural imperative: ”be!•

euntem from iens, present participle of eo

evado,-ere,evasi,evasum: escape

eveho,-ere, evexi, evectum : I carry out, bring back

excido,-ere, -cidi, -cisum : I fall from

excudo, -ere, -cudi, -cusum : I hammer out, forge

exitus, -us m : exit, way out

expono, -ere, -posui, -positum : I unload, disembark

exsanguis, -e : pale, bloodless

exspecto (1) : I wait for

extemplo adv : immediately

extendo, -ere, -tendi : I extend, confirm

extra + acc : outside

Fabii,-orum : the Fabii

Fabricius :

facilis,-e: easy

factum, -i n : deed

fallo, -ere, fefelli, falsum : I deceive

falsus, -a, -um : false

fare : imperative singular of for, fari : I speak

fasces, -ium f pl : The fasces, a bundle of rods and axes

fatum,-i n : fate

fauces, -ium f pl : throat, jaws

fero, ferre, tuli, latum : I carry, report

ferrum,-i n : iron; hence any weapon or tool.

fessus, -a, -um : tired

fetus,-us m : berries, branch (lit ”offspring•)

figo, -ere, fixi, fictum : I pierce, spear [transfix]

flecto, -ere, flexi, flectum : I turn, bend, guide

fletus, us m : tears

flumen, -inis n : river

folium.-ii n : leaf

for, fari, fatus sum : I speak

forte : by chance

fortuna, -ae f : fortune, destiny

forus, -i m : gangway

frigus,frigoris n : cold

frondens : leafy

frondesco,-ere : I grow leaves, put out a shoot

frons, frondis f : foliage

frustra : in vain

fulmen, -inis n : thunderbolt

fundo (1) : I furnish, establish

futurum from sum (future participle) ”it would happen•

Garamantes, -um m pl : the Garamantes, an African tribe

gaudeo, -ere, gavisus sum : I enjoy, rejoice

gemini,-ae,-a : twin, double, two

gemo, -are, gemui, gemitum : I groan, protest

gena, ae f : cheek

gener, generi m : son-in-law

genitor, -oris m : father

gens, gentis f : race, nation

genus, eris n : race

glaucus, -a, um : grey, blue-grey

Gracchus, -i m : Gracchus, the name of two brothers

gradus,-us m.: step [grade]

gramen, -inis n : grass

gressus, -us = gradus : step

habena, -ae f : rein

heros, herois m : hero

heu : alas!

hortor (1) : I encourage, urge on

huc : here, in this direction

humus,-i f : earth, ground

iaceo (2) : I lie

iactantior (adj) : somewhat conceited

iacto (1) : I throw, toss, batter

ianitor ,-oris m : doorkeeper

ianua,-ae f: door [January]

ilex, ilicis f ; holm-oak, the evergreen oak of the Mediterranean

ille : Mummius, who destroyed Corinth in 146 B.C.

imago, imaginis f : sight: ghost

immensus,-a,-um : unmeasured, vast, immense

imperium, -i n : power, empire, rule

impono, -ere, -posui, -positum : I impose, add to

imus, -a ,um : lowest, deepest

incanus, -a, -um : grey-bearded

incipio, -ere, -cepi, -ceptum : I begin

includo, -ere, -cludi, -clusum : I shut in

incolumis, -e : safe, safely

increpo (1) : I abuse, curse

inde : then

Indi, -orum m pl : the Indians

indulgeo (2) + dative : indulge in

infelix (adj) : unhappy

infernus,-a,-um : of the underworld, infernal

informis, -e : ugly

inlustris, -e : famous [illustrious]

inno (1) : I swim in - thus ”voyage upon•

insidiae,-arum f pl : trap

insignis, -e : famous (for..), conspicuous

insomnium, -i n : dream

instituo,-ere, institui : I instruct

instruo, -ere, -struxi, -structum : I draw up , equip

invictus ,-a, -um : undefeated, unbeaten

ire from eo

istinc (adv) : from over there

Italus, -a, -um : Italian

ituras from eo (future participle : about to go)

iugum, -i n : rowing-bench; yoke

Iulus, -i m : Iulus, also called Ascanius, Aeneas‘s Trojan son

iungo, -ere, iunxi, iunctum : I join [junction]

Iuno, Iunonis : Juno, wife of Jupiter - but here it means Proserpine

Iuppiter, Iovis : (note strange declension) Jupiter

iuvat (impersonal verb) ; it is pleasing

iuvenis, -is : young man

iuxta + acc : next to, after

labens from labor,-i,lapsus sum : I glide, slip

labor, laboris m : work, labour, difficulty

labor,-i,lapsus sum : I glide, slip

lacrima, -ae f : tear

lacus,-us m : lake, water

laetor (1) : I enjoy

lapsae from labor : I slip, glide

largus, -a, -um : generous, copious

lateo (2) ; lie hidden (opposite of pateo) [latent]

Latium, ii n : Latium

latro (1) : I bark

laus, laudis m : praise, fame

Lavinia : Aeneas‘s Italian wife, Lavinia

laxo (1) : I clear

lego, -ere, legi, lectum : scan

lenis,-e : soft, gentle

lentus,-a,-um : supple, pliant

Lerna, -ae : Lerna , in Greece.

levis, -e : light, gentle

lex, legis f : law

Liber : another name for Bacchus, the wine god.

libertas, -tatis f : freedom, liberty

Libya, -ae f : Africa

licet (conjunction) although

licet (impersonal verb + (ut) and subj) : it is possible, ”let...•;

limen -inis n : threshold, doorway

limus, i m : mud, slime

liquidus,-a,-um : clear

loca , -orum n pl (alternative pl of locus) : place

locus, -i m : place

longaevus, -a, -um : old,

longus, -a, -um : long

loquor,-i, locutus sum: speak

lucus,-i m : wood, grove

lumen, luminis n : light

lustro (1) : I review, look over, inspect

lux, lucis f : light; life

Maeotia tellus : the land round lake Maeotis (the sea of Azov)

maneo,-ere, mansi, mansum : I remain

manes, - ium m pl : the spirits of the dead, ghosts

manu : by force

manus, -uum f pl (line 683) : deeds (usually hand)

marmor, -oris n : marble

maternus,-a,-um : belonging to his mother (Venus).

meatus, -us m : movement, motion

medius, -a, -um : middle, the middle of

melius : comparative adverb from bene

memento : remember (imperative)

memoro (1) : I speak

mens, mentis f : mind, heart

mentum, -i n : chin (pl for singular)

metuo, -ere, metui : I fear

metus, -us m : fear

Minerva, -ae f : Minerva ( in Greek Athena)

minores : posterity, our descendants [opposite of maiores]

mitto, -ere, misi, missum : I send

mollius (comparative adverb) : more smoothly (from molliter)

Monoecus, -i m : Monoecus where the Alps meet the sea - now Monaco

mores, morum f pl : character

mos, moris m : custom

moveo, -ere, movi, motum : I move, rouse

munus, muneris n : gift, present

Mycenae, -arum : Mycene, next to Argos

natus, -i m : son

navita = nauta : refers to Charon, the ferryman

ne : ”don‘t•

ne quid : lest anything

nec non: nor not = et .

nefas (est) indecl n : wrong, ”it is unlawful...•

nemus, nemoris n : wood

nepos, nepotis m : grandson, descendant [nephew, nepotism]

neu : ”and don‘t ...•

Nilus, -i m : the river Nile.

nimium : too much

niteo (2) : I shine, gleam

nitor, niti, nisus sum : I lean

noceo (2) + dative : I harm [innocent]

nomen, -inis n : name

nosco, -ere, novi : I know, recognise

noster, nostra, nostrum : our, my

notus, -a, -um : well-known, familiar

novus,-a,-um : new, fresh

nox, noctis f : night

numerus, -i m : number

Nysa, -ae f : a mountain in Asia Minor

obeo, -ire, -ivi, -itum : I travel over

obscurus,-a,-um : dark, gloomy

observo (1) : I look out for

occurro, -ere, occurri, occursum : I appear

oleo (2) : I smell

oliva, ae f : olive (symbol of victory)

Olympus, -i m : Olympus

opaco (1) : I shade

opacus,-a,-um : shady, dark [opaque]

operta n pl (from operio (4) : I hide) : the hidden places

opus,operis n : work, problem

ora from os (plural for singular)

ordo, ordinis m : line

oro (1): I pray

oro causam (1) : I plead a cause

orsa:supply est from ordior,-iri,orsus sum: begin

os, oris n : mouth , face [oral]

ostendo, -ere, ostendi : I show

ostium ,-i n : mouth

otium, i n : peace

paco (1) : I pacify. pacarit = pacaverit (perfect subj)

palma, -ae f : hand

palus, paludis f : marsh water

pampineus, -a,-um : of the vine

par (adj) : equal, the same

parco, -ere, peperci, parsum : I spare, am merciful

parens, parentis c : father, parent

pasco,-ere : I feed, eat pascentes : ”as they fed•

pateo (2): I lie open, am revealed [patent]

pater, patris m : father

patria, -ae f : fatherland, country

pauci,-ae,-a : few

pauper, pauperis (adj) : poor

pax, pacis f : peace

pedem adverto, -ere, -verti : I approach, make my way

penitus: deep within

peragenda : gerundive from perago

perago, -ere, -egi, -actum : I continue, go through

perficio, -ere, -feci, -fectum : I make, finish

pergo, -ere, perrexi, perrectum : I proceed

periclum = periculum : danger

pietas, pietatis f : righteousness, devotion to duty

pinguis,-e : rich

poena, -ae f : punishment

pondus, -eris n : weight

popularis, -e : popular, of the people

porta, -ae f : gate

posset from possum

postumus, - a , -um : last, last-born, born after father‘s death

potens : powerful

poteris from possum

potuere from possum. An alternative form of the 3rd plural perfect

precor (1) : I pray

premo, -ere, pressi, pressum : I check, keep under control

prior (adj) : first

prius adv : first, before

pro + abl : for, on behalf of

procul : far off supply est

prodeo, -ire, ii (pro + eo) : go forward.

profero, -ferre, -tuli, -latum : I extend

progenies, -ei f : descendants [progeny]

prohibeo (2) : I prevent ( + infinitive)

proicio, -ere, ieci, iectum : I throw away, throw down

proles, -is f : offspring, descendants [proletariat]

promitto, -ere, -misi, -missum : I promise

propinquo (1) : I approach

prosequor, -i, -secutus sum : I escort

prospicio, -ere, -spexi, -spectum : I see, catch sight of

proximus, -a, um : next ( goes with loca)

pulcher, -chra, -chrum : beautiful

puppis, -is f : boat

pura hasta : a headless spear, which was presented as trophy of victory.

quale : just as, just like (introducing a simile)

quam! how..!

quando : since

quarum from qui, quae, quod

quid? why?

quin : also

quisquis : whoever

quo : where, in which direction

quod si ; but if...

quondam : once upon a time

radius, -i m : a rod (for tracing diagrams)

ramus,-i m : branch

rapio, -ere, rapui, raptum : I hurry

recenseo (2) : count up [census]

recipio, -ere, -cepi, -ceptum : I win back, recover

recolo - ere, -colui, -cultum : I survey

reddo, -ere, reddidi, redditum : I return

refero, -ferre, rettuli, relatum : I bring back

refringo, -ere : I snap off [-fringo = frango]

refulgeo (2), refulsi: I shine

regno (1) : I rule

regnum, -i n : kingdom, royalty

reor, reri, ratus sum : I think, reckon

reperio, -ire, repperi, repertum : I find

reses, residis (adj) : lazy

resido, -ere, -sedi, -sessum : I calm down

responsum, -i n : answer

restituo, -ere, stitui, stitutum : I restore

reviso, -ere : I return

revoco (1): I recall, retrace

rex, regis m : king

rigo (1) : I wet [irrigate]

rimosus, - a, -um : leaky

ripa, -ae f : bank

rite : duly

Romani, -orum m pl : the Romans

rumpo, -ere, rupi, ruptum : I break, shatter

rursus : again

sacra, -orum n pl : holy emblems

saeculum, -i n : age, century, epoch

saepius from saepe : again and again

saevus, -a , um : ruthless, savage

sal, salis n : salt; the sea

sanguis, sanguinis m : blood

Saturnus, -i m : Saturn, the father of Jupiter

satus p.p from sero: I sow. (i.e. son)

Scipiades, -ium m pl : the sons of the Scipios

seco (1) : I cut viam secat : ”makes his way•

securis, -is f : axe

sedeo (2), sedi, sessum : I sit, settle

sedere = sederunt

sedes,-is : place, seat

semino (1) ; I sow

septemgemini : sevenfold

sequor,-i, secutus sum : I follow

sero, -ere, sevi, satum : I sow

Serranus, -i m : Serranus

serus, -a, um : late

si : if

si quis : if any

Sibylla,-ae f : the Sibyl.

sic: thus, in this way

sido, -ere : I perch, settle, sit

sidus, -eris n : star

signum, -i n : standard

silva.-ae f : wood, forest

similis, -e :the same

simillimus from similis ”exactly like•

simul : at the same time

sinus,-us m : winding (usually used of the folds of a dress)

socer, soceri m : father-in-law

socius,-i m : friend, companion [associate]

sol, solis m : sun

solium, ii n : throne

solum,-i n : ground [soil]

somnus, -i m : sleep; dream

sono (1) : I make a noise

soporus, -a, -um : sleepy [soporific]

sors, sortis f : lot, destiny

species,-ei f : appearance

spiro (1) : I breathe

stella, -ae : star

sto, stare, steti, statum : stand

strages, -is f : slaughter, carnage

studium, -i n : enthusiasm

Stygius, -a, -um : of the river Styx, Stygian

sub + acc : under

subeo, -ire, ivi, -itum : I succed, follow

subicio, -ere, -ieci, -iectum : I subdue

subtraho, -ere, -traxi, -tractum : I take away [subtract]

sulcus, -i m : furrow

super + abl : on, on top of

super + acc : beyond, further than

superbus, -a, -um : proud

superus,-a,-um: above, in the world above

surgo, -ere, surrexi, surrectum : I rise [resurrection]

sutilis, -e : made of skins sewn together

tacitus, -a, -um : silent

tantum (followed by genitive) : so much (of...)

tantum...quantum : as far as

tantus,-a -um: so great

Tarquinii: the Tarquins - the fifth and seventh kings of Rome

Tartara,-orum n pl : Tartarus - the deepest part of the Underworld

Tartareus, -a, um : of Tartarus

tectum, -i n : roof, home.

tego, -ere, tegi, tectum : I cover, hide

tellus, -uris f : earth

telum, -i n : weapon

temero (1) : I violate, desecrate

templum, -i : temple

tempus, -oris n : time

tendo,-ere,tetendi : I go, hurry; reach, stretch [like contendo]

teneo (2): hold,cling to

ter : three times

teres,teretis (adj) ; smooth, rounded

tetendit from tendo

thalamus, -i m : bedroom

Thesea : Greek acc from Theseus

tigris, -is c : tiger

tollo,-ere, sustuli, sublatum : I raise

Torquatus, -i : Titus Manlius Torquatus

torqueo, -ere, torsi, torsum : I twist, revolve, spin

traho, -ere, traxi, tractum : I drag

trans + acc : across

tremefacio, -ere, -feci, -factum : I make tremble

tremo, ere : I tremble

trepidus, -a, -um : panic-stricken

tristis,-e : sad

triumpho (1) : I triumph over

triumphus, -i m : triumph, victory celebration

Troia, -ae f : Troy

Troius, -a, um : Trojan

Tros: Trojan.

truncus,-i m : trunk

tueor (2) : I look at

Tullus : Tullus, the third king of Rome

tumidus, -a ,um : swelling

tumulus, -i m : mound

turba, -ae f : crowd

turbo (1) : I am in confusion

Tyrrhenus, -a, um : Etruscan

ulciscor, -i, ultus sum : I avenge

ultor, -oris m : avenger

ultro : unprovoked, spontaneously

ulva, -ae f : reeds, sedge

umbra,-ae f : shadow, shade, ghost

umerus, -i m : shoulder [humerus]

una : together

unda, -ae f : water, wave

unde : from where

ut + indicative : as, when

utcumque ; however, in whatever way

uterque, utraque, utrumque : each, both

validus, -a, -um : strong, mighty

vates,-is c.: prophetess, priestess (i.e. the Sibyl)

vecto (1) : I convey

vectum from veho

veho. -ere, vexi, vectum : I convey, carry [vehicle]

venerabilis, -e : holy

venere = venerunt

venientum from venio (gen pl of present participle)

ventura from venio (future participle)

ventus, -i m : wind

Venus, Veneris f : Venus, goddess of love: the mother of Aeneas

vero : indeed

vertex, verticis m : peak [vertical]

verto, -ere, verti, versum : I turn

verus, -a, -um : true

vestigium,-i n : track, step

vestigo (1) : I watch for, track [investigate]

vestis, -is f : clothes

victor, -is : victorious

vim acc from vis f : violence

vimen,-inis n : twig, stem

vinclum -i n : chain

vinco, -ere, vici, victum : I conquer, defeat; succeed

vireo (2) : I am green

surgo, -ere, surrexi, surrectum : I rise

vultus, -us m : face

vires, virium f pl : strength

virga,-ae f : branch

viridis,-e: green

virtus, virtutis f : courage, goodness, excellence [virtue].

virum from vir (gen pl)

vis from volo : you wish

viscera, -um n pl : bowels, stomach

viscum,-i n : mistletoe [viscous]

vita, -ae f : life

vivus, -a, -um : living

vivus, -a, -um : living

vix: hardly, scarcely

voco (1) : I summon

volando gerund from volo (1) : ”by flying• (i.e. they flew forward)

volens adj : willing, freely

volo (1) : I fly

volo, velle, volui : I wish

volucer, -cris, -cre : winged

voluto (1) : I turn over, ponder

vox, vocis f : voice, sound

vultus, -us m : face