"My Brave Young Brother: Tom Chamberlain"

and Acknowledgements

Manuscript Sources

Chamberlain family letters and other materials in the collections of:
Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine
Maine Historical Society, Portland, Maine
Maine State Archives, Augusta, Maine
Pejepscot Historical Society, Brunswick, Maine

Thomas D. Chamberlain Military & Pension Records, National Archives, Washington D.C.

Books and Pamphlets

Adelman, Garry E., Little Round Top: A Detailed Tour Guide (Thomas Publications, 2000).

Batignani, Karen Wentworth, Maine's Coastal Cemeteries: A Historic Tour (Down East Books, 2003).

Bennett, Brian A., The Beau Ideal of a Soldier and a Gentleman: The Life of Col. Patrick Henry O'Rorke from Ireland to Gettysburg (Triphammer Publishing, 1996).

Bennett, Brian A., Sons of Old Monroe: A Regimental History of Patrick O'Rorke's 140th New York Volunteer Infantry (Morningside Press, 1999).

Chamberlain Association of America, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain: A Sketch (1905, reprint by Brian L. Higgins 1995).

Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence, Bayonet! Forward: My Civil War Reminiscences (Stan Clark Military Books, 1994): includes "Through Blood and Fire at Gettysburg", etc.

Chamberlain, Joshua Lawrence, The Passing Of The Armies (1915, Morningside Press reprint 1994).

Coddington, Edwin B., The Gettysburg Campaign: A Study in Command (1968, Scribner's reprint 1984).

Cutler, Robert W.P., The Tin Box: Keepsakes of a Civil War General (Morris Publishing, 1999).

Deans, Sis, His Proper Post: A Biography of Gen. Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (Belle Grove Publishing, 1996).

Desjardin, Thomas A., Joshua L. Chamberlain (Greystone Communications, 1999).

Desjardin, Thomas A., Stand Firm Ye Boys from Maine: The 20th Maine and the Gettysburg Campaign (Thomas Publications, 1995).

Desjardin, Thomas A., These Honored Dead: How the Story of Gettysburg Shaped American Memory (Da Capo Press, 2003).

Engert, Roderick M. (ed.), Maine to the Wilderness: The Civil War Letters of Pvt. William Lamson, 20th Maine Infantry (Publisher's Press, 1993).

Gerrish, Theodore, Army Life: A Private's Reminiscences of the Civil War (1882, Stan Clark Military Books/Butternut and Blue reprint 1995).

Golay, Michael, To Gettysburg and Beyond: The Parallel Lives of Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain and Edward Porter Alexander (Crown Publishers, 1994).

Goulka, Jeremiah E. (ed.), The Grand Old Man of Maine: Selected Letters of Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain 1865-1914 (University of North Carolina Press, 2004).

Jordan, David M., 'Happiness Is Not My Companion': The Life of General G.K. Warren (Indiana University Press, 2001).

Judson, Amos M., History of the Eighty-Third Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (1865, Morningside Press reprint 1986).

Lemke, William, A Pride of Lions: Joshua Chamberlain & Other Maine Civil War Heroes (Covered Bridge Press, 1997).

Longacre, Edward G., Joshua Chamberlain: The Soldier and the Man (Combined Publishing, 1999).

Loski, Diana Halderman, The Chamberlains of Brewer (Thomas Publications, 1998).

Maine Adjutant General, Annual Reports of the Adjutant General of the State of Maine, 1861-67 (Augusta, 1862-68).

Maine Gettysburg Commissioners, Maine at Gettysburg (1898, Stan Clark Military Books reprint 1994).

Marvel, William, A Place Called Appomattox (University of North Carolina Press, 2000).

Nash, Eugene Arus, A History of the Forty-fourth Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War, 1861-1865 (1911, Morningside Press reprint 1988).

Nesbitt, Mark, Through Blood & Fire: Selected Civil War Papers Of Major General Joshua Chamberlain (Stackpole Books, 1996).

Nevins, James H., and William B. Styple, What Death More Glorious: A Biography of General Strong Vincent (Belle Grove Publishing, 1997).

Norton, Oliver Willcox, Army Letters 1861-1865 (1903, Morningside Press expanded reprint 1990).

Norton, Oliver Willcox, The Attack And Defense Of Little Round Top (1913, Morningside Press reprint 1983).

Nye, Wilbur Sturtevant, Here Come the Rebels! (1965, Morningside Press reprint 1988).

Oates, William C., The War Between the Union and the Confederacy and its Lost Opportunities (1905, Morningside Press reprint 1985).

Perry, Mark, Conceived in Liberty: Joshua Chamberlain, William Oates and the American Civil War (Viking, 1997).

Pfanz, Harry W., Gettysburg: The Second Day (University of North Carolina Press, 1987).

Powell, Robert M., "With Hood at Gettysburg", Philadelphia Weekly Times, December 13, 1884; reprinted, with annotations by Gregory A. Coco, as Recollections of a Texas Colonel at Gettysburg (Thomas Publications, 1990).

Powell, William H., The Fifth Army Corps (Army of the Potomac): A Record of Operations During the Civil War in the United States of America, 1861-1865 (1896, Morningside Press reprint 1984).

Pullen, John, Joshua Chamberlain: A Hero's Life & Legacy (Stackpole Books, 1999).

Pullen, John, The Twentieth Maine (1957, Morningside Press reprint 1991).

Smith, Diane Monroe, Chamberlain at Petersburg: The Charge at Fort Hell, June 18, 1864 (Thomas Publications, 2004).

Smith, Diane Monroe, Fanny & Joshua: The Enigmatic Lives of Frances Caroline Adams and Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (Thomas Publications, 1999).

Spear, Abbott and Ellis, The 20th Maine at Fredericksburg: The Conflicting Accounts of General Joshua L. Chamberlain and General Ellis Spear (Union Publishing Company, 1995).

Spear, Ellis, The Civil War Recollections of General Ellis Spear (University of Maine Press, 1997).

Styple, William B. (ed.), With A Flash Of His Sword: The Writings Of Major Holman S. Melcher, 20th Maine Infantry (Belle Grove Publishing, 1994).

Trulock, Alice Rains, In the Hands of Providence: Joshua L. Chamberlain & The American Civil War (University of North Carolina Press, 1992).

U.S. War Department, War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (Washington D.C., 1880-1901).

Wallace, Willard M., Soul of the Lion: A Biography of General Joshua L. Chamberlain (1960, Stan Clark Military Books reprint 1991).

Wells, Carlotta (ed.), Rundlett's War: Civil War Letters of James C. Rundlett, 20th Maine Volunteers, Company G (Privately published, 1998/1999).


Anonymous, "Brewer Library Also Remembered in Will of Mrs. Delia F. Chamberlain", Bangor Evening Commercial, August 1, 1923, p.5.

Anonymous, "Obituary: Lieut.-Col. T.D. Chamberlain", Bangor Whig and Courier, August 13, 1896.

Anonymous, "Obituary: Mrs. Delia F. Chamberlain", Bangor Evening Commercial, July 25, 1923, p.4.

Bennett, Brian A., "Truth Without Exaggeration: Porter Farley's Life-Long Study of the Events on Little Round Top", Gettysburg Magazine No.28, January 2003, pp.49-86.

Chamberlain, Faith, letter in "Defense of Thomas Chamberlain", Civil War News, May 2003.

Chamberlain, John Calhoun, "A Delegate's Diary" (John Chamberlain's Gettysburg Diary), Gettysburg and the Christian Commission (ed. Daniel J. Hoisington, Edinborough Press, 2002), pp.72-103.

Gibney, John Michael, "A Shadow Passing: The Tragic Story of Norval Welch and the Sixteenth Michigan at Gettysburg and Beyond", Gettysburg Magazine No.6, January 1992, pp.33-42.

Gottfried, Bradley M., "Fisher's Brigade at Gettysburg: The Big Round Top Controversy", Gettysburg Magazine No.19, July 1998, pp.84-93.

Oates, William C., "Gettysburg - The Battle On the Right", Southern Historical Society Papers Vol.6, October 1878, pp.172-82.

O'Brien, Kevin E., "'Stubborn Bravery': The Forgotten 44th New York at Little Round Top", Gettysburg Magazine No.15, July 1996, pp.31-44.

O'Brien, Kevin E., "Valley of the Shadow of Death: Col. Strong Vincent and the Eighty-third Pennsylvania Infantry at Little Round Top", Gettysburg Magazine No.7, July 1992, pp.41-49.

Raver, K. Paul, "An Investigation into the route taken from Rock Creek to Little Round Top by the Third Brigade, First Division, Fifth Corps on July 2, 1863", Gettysburg Magazine No.27, July 2002, pp.52-64.

Wright, James R., "'I Will Take the Responsibility': Strong Vincent Moves to Little Round Top: Fact or Fiction?", Gettysburg Magazine No.25, July 2001, pp.48-60.

Wright, James R., "Time on Little Round Top", Gettysburg Magazine No.2, January 1990, pp.51-54.


Forstchen, William R., "A Hard Day for Mother", Alternate Generals (Baen Books, 1998), pp.201-225.

Shaara, Jeff, Gods and Generals (Ballantine Books, 1996).

Shaara, Michael, The Killer Angels (Ballantine Books, 1975).

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Chester, England, being a long way from Maine, I have needed to enlist the aid of various people to help me with on-the-spot research. Their courteous, patient and knowledgeable assistance has been invaluable and has led me to think very highly indeed of the residents of Maine. Specifically I'd like to thank the Pejepscot Historical Society (Erik C. Jorgensen, Amy L. Poland and Rita Bailey in particular), Bangor Public Library (Susan Wennrich), the late Phyllis Marshall Watson of Brunswick (but originally of the UK), the late Warren B. Randall (of the Chamberlain Civil War Round Table in Brunswick), and Diane Smith who conducted some important (but frustrating!) fieldwork for me in Bangor.
My grateful thanks also to the Maine State Archives, the Pejepscot Historical Society, Bangor Public Library, James C. Rundlett and Brian Higgins for permission to reproduce the various photographs of Tom Chamberlain here; to Bowdoin College and the Maine Historical Society for allowing me to quote extensively from letters in their collections; and to Alec Hasenson of the American Civil War Round Table (UK) for encouraging me to write the original Crossfire article on Tom.
Finally, my long distance research would have been impossible without the facilities of some excellent and efficient specialist bookstores in the US: Morningside Bookshop in Ohio, Butternut and Blue in Maryland, and the 20th Maine in Freeport, Maine. Guild Press of Indiana's Official Records on CD-ROM was, it almost goes without saying, also vital.

Last altered October 2, 2004. Copyright (c) 2001, 2004 Rosemary Pardoe.

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