|ascetic||Ascetic comes from the Greek word for training. Compare
Asceticism has become equated with a particular form of negative thinking - from the denial of physical pleasure to the mortification of the flesh.
|exercise||Exercise comes from the Latin for Working Out. Compare
In practice, Working Out often aims at Working In and Working Up (Body Building) as well as Working Away. It is a positive activity, which can have both positive and negative ends.
|insight||"Insight is a precondition of any lasting psychological
change achieved in the analysis and all other factors are related to it.
I mean here specifically psychoanalytical insight, that is: the acquiring
of knowledge about one’s own unconscious through experiencing consciously,
and, in most cases, being able to acknowledge explicitly and verbally,
previously unconscious processes. To be of therapeutic value, it must be
correct and it must be deep enough. It must reach to the deep layers of
the unconscious and illuminate those early processes in which the pattern
of internal and external relationships is laid down and in which the ego
is structured. The deeper the layers of the unconscious reached, the richer
and the more stable will be the therapeutic result."
H Segal, “The Curative Factors in Psychoanalysis” (1962), reprinted in H Segal, The Work of Hanna Segal (New York: Jason Aronson, 1981) p 70However, some psychoanalysts reject even this statement of the goals of psychoanalysis as being excessively rational and intellectual. According to Symington’s interpretation of Freud, insight is not the conscious reaching into the unconscious, but the unconscious forcing itself upon the conscious, and this insight often occurs simultaneously for analyst and analysand alike.
N Symington, The Analytic Experience: Lectures from the Tavistock (London: Free Association Books, 1986)
|pacing||Telling the client what she already knows, so that she will be more likely to accept subsequent statements or suggestions. Used by hypnotists and consultants.||...|
|Telling the client to do what she's already doing. When this works, it either invokes the polarity response - the client immediately does the exact opposite - or reframes the symptom to put it under the client's (conscious) control.||reversing
Page last updated on January 29th, 2001
Copyright © 2000, 2001 Richard Veryard