FORCES OF THE CONFEDERATION OF PALESTINE
A small, multi-cultural nation surrounded by reactionary and/or
expansionist neighbors, the Confederation of Palestine has always relied
on a strong military to ensure national sovereignty. Though the use of a large conscript military
and the importation of modern military systems both have negative economic
implications for the nation, the continued threat from hostile neighbors
keeps military spending prominent in the national budget. As the 24th century begins, the Confederation
is debating whether the nation’s military has a role in the Kafer War.
of Palestine Defense
Special Warfare Group
2nd Air Defense Brigade
100th Artillery Brigade
Corps (Golan and Lebanon)
2nd Infantry Division
3rd Infantry Division
4th Armored Division
41st ‘Nebarak’ Armored Brigade
44th ‘Golani’ Mechanized Brigade
6th Artillery Division
Corps (Jordan and Israel)
1st “Omar ibn al-Khattaab” Armored Division
11th ‘Jerusalem’ Armored Brigade
12th ‘Tariq’Armored Brigade
5th “King Abdullah I” Light
7th Armored Division
71st ‘Barak’ Armored Brigade
77th ‘Kahalani’ Armored Brigade
79th ‘Givati’ Mechanized Brigade
10th ‘El Beqaa’ Artillery Division
8th Reserve Infantry Division
11th Reserve Infantry Division
12th Reserve Infantry Division
324th Reserve Infantry Division (Israel)
325th Reserve Infantry Division
201st Reserve Armored Brigade
202nd Reserve Armored Brigade (Jordan/Israel)
Reconnaissance Battalion is technically subordinate to the 8th Reserve
Infantry Division for security reasons, but it is actually under the
control of the Special Warfare Group. Also note that the ORBAT
does not include the National Police Forces; in wartime the NPFs
have an internal security mission and come under control of the CDF.
areas for reserve units shown in parentheses.
These areas reflect general territorial zones and do not reflect
ethnic composition of units.
Confederation of Palestine (CP), originally referred to as the Levantine
Confederation (the current name was adopted by popular referendum in
2204 when a new constitution was framed), was created in 2051 from an
amalgamation of the states of Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon, after increasingly
close ties between all three nations as they each grappled with guerilla
war against ethnic Palestinians. The federal unification of these three nations
was part of a broader peace agreement, brokered with French assistance
to end the fighting in the region. In
exchange for laying down their arms, ethnic Palestinians were granted
a blanket amnesty for acts committed during the war, as well as a more
broadly significant Declaration of Equality. This
declaration granted Palestinians Confederation citizenship and re-established
free travel within all three nations (a right initially provided in
Israel and Jordan by the pre-Twilight US brokered Camp David
The settlement also abolished various discriminatory
laws and internal security measures all three nations had enacted against
ethnic Palestinians, as well as establishing autonomous control of various
areas then occupied predominantly by ethnic Palestinians (Gaza and the
West Bank, to include East Jerusalem, were the main areas, but numerous
municipalities in Lebanon and Jordan were also effected).
For their part, Palestinian leadership officially renounced violence
and armed insurrection against any of the three nations (besides resistance
to Israel, Palestinian uprisings had nearly toppled the Jordanian government
three times in the last hundred years, and had contributed to the destabilization
of Lebanon from which the nation was only now emerging after a century
of on-again, off-again civil war).
formation of the Confederation was generally a victory for political
moderates in all three nations and among the Palestinians, and it would
be another generation before lingering activity by extremists finally
ceased in the late 2070s (only to flare up again, briefly, in the first
decade of the 22nd century during an economic downturn).
unification was, in many ways, the nadir of Israeli and Jordanian fortunes,
after emerging from the Twilight War as close allies and extremely influential
power brokers in the Middle
East. Israel and Jordan had fought alongside American and NATO forces
in the region, and largely wrecked the Syrian military in 1996, before
deploying forces to help secure southern Iraqi oilfields as well. At sea, Israeli intervention had been decisive
in the USN and Royal Navy’s campaign to eliminate the Greek and Italian
navies shortly before the war went nuclear. When Tel Aviv was destroyed by a Soviet nuclear
strike, Israel joined the NATO nuclear effort and launched
retaliatory strikes against Soviet troop concentrations in Iran and the Balkans, as well as participating
in the destruction of Greece and Italy as organized belligerents.
the end of the war, the two nations were participating in the occupation
of southern Iraq, ensuring a steady flow of oil, and were
very safe behind Israel’s remaining nuclear arsenal (which included
intact facilities to produce additional weapons). Israel and Jordan did agree to withdraw from the Arabian Peninsula and Iraq at the same time the Americans withdrew in
exchange for European and Japanese assurances of a continued supply
of petroleum and recovery assistance, and so managed to escape direct
participation in the Saudi War.
Saudi War, however, did touch off a general Palestinian rising in both
Jordan and Israel, in one of the last credible gasps of Pan-Islamic
unity (a concept generally considered moribund by the end of the Twilight
War). The two nations managed
to suppress the risings, as they had before during the 20th
century, but only with the most draconian measures.
In Lebanon, a Palestinian government declared itself,
only to fall back down into the nation’s ongoing multi-sided civil war
seven months later. The conflict
then settled down into the grinding, decades
long guerilla struggle that finally ended with the formation of the
its initial formation, the Confederation had no formal army of its own,
instead possessing a General Staff, which exercised command and control
over the individual national forces of each member state.
This organization worked relatively well in peacetime, but it
failed in many ways during its first test in combat, during Confederation
participation in the suppression of the Ramadan Revolt in Syria in 2071,
alongside the Syrian government and French garrison. The performance of Confederation forces was
very uneven, and there was widespread criticism about effectiveness
and casualties stemming from differing training levels, command and
control practices, and the like during the war.
Both the Israelis and Jordanians claimed, with varying degrees
of justification, to have borne an inordinate share of the fighting,
while Lebanese and the few ethnic Palestinian within the IDF force structure
put in very poor performances when they were placed in front-line service.
As a result of the war, an increasingly unified Confederation
Defense Force was formed, which performed better during the Second Syrian
War (2097) and during the Border Confrontation with Iraq in 2108. For most of the period of 2070-2170, each member
nation was expected to meet conscription quotas based directly on census
data, with force structure tailored to produce ethnically homogenous
units. By the late 22nd
century, however, this practice seemed archaic and distasteful to most
citizens of the Confederacy, and was replaced by an earlier permutation
of the current system, where each division and brigade in the force
structure are given designated recruiting districts from which they
draw their conscripts. In practice this still produces some generally
homogenous units (the 7th “Israeli” Armored Division being
the most commonly cited example), but most CDF units reflect the Confederation’s
ethnic and religious diversity.
7th Armoured Division patch
Women in the CDF
the time of unification, the role of women in the military was a divisive
issue. Israel was internationally known for applying conscription policies
to women, as well as men, though this process was not as egalitarian
in practice as in theory, while the Arab member states were less supportive
of the notion. Jordan had some tradition of voluntary female military
service and a vociferous proponent of military service for Arab women
in the form of HRH Lt. Colonel Aisha Bint al-Hussein, a member of the
royal family and a graduate of Sandhurst. Palestinian guerilla groups
had relied extensively on female combatants during the war, though in
the post-war era Palestinian writers and historians were quietly sweeping
their participation under the rug in the historical narrative. Lebanon,
unified for the first time in decades under a conservative multi-ethnic
coalition government found the idea extremely divisive and best avoided.
original result was that all member states were allowed to initially
set their own policies. The IDF Women's Army Corps (CHEN) was retained
in its pre-unification form, while Jordan and Palestine both experimented
with professional and volunteer-conscript systems, both organized into
similar Women's Army Corps. Lebanon remained exclusionary until 2083,
when it established its own Women's Army Corps with relatively restrictive
entry requirements. As the CDF became increasingly unified, a blanket
policy on this issue was sought. The end result was a system of voluntary
conscription for women, based on local laws (most notably a long-standing
requirement for parental permission prior to conscription in Arab regions,
in effect until 2204). Initially, and for most of the next century and
a half, women in the Confederation military were assigned to the Confederation
Women's Army Corps (modeled on IDF institutions), and generally restricted
to administrative jobs and training cadres (again generally following
IDF practices, though also in line with Arab member state's traditions).
Originally, Women's Corps units were segregated both by religion and
ethnicity, as most of the various polities within the Confederation
were extremely sensitive on the issue.
faded to a degree over time, and the Women's Army Corps itself was eliminated
in 2204. Women remain ineligible for potentially front-line combat roles
and are also less officially shunted away from physically demanding,
'masculine' jobs without direct combat potential (i.e. mechanics). Beyond
that, there is a sense in many quarters that predominantly Arab units
are less receptive to female soldiers, however, and it is not uncommon
for young Arab women contemplating National Service to establish actual
or fictional residences in predominantly Jewish areas to secure postings
to 'better' units. The CDF is currently experimenting with allowing
women to serve in artillery units (in fire direction centers, specifically),
and this is seen by many as a potential beginning to improved status
and opportunity within the military.
The CDF circa 2300
Comparisons are often drawn between the Confederation and the
CDF and Israel and its defense establishment
during the Cold War era. In some
very broad ways this may be accurate – the Confederation is a relatively
progressive, democratic government in a region where such are not entirely
common. Relations with its neighbors are sometimes contentious,
if not openly hostile.
However, one should take care not to draw the analogy too far.
While the Confederation military has a good reputation (owing
in no small part to its deliberate programs to nurture and maintain
a solid, professional NCO corps), the quality differential between the
CDF and its opponents is much smaller than that seen during the height
of the Arab-Israeli confrontations in the 20th century. During the Age of Recovery, much ink was spilled
and bureaucratic battles fought to create an even level of quality among
CDF units, and the process not only elevated the sub par, but it also
leveled off the top end formations as well.
The current exception to this is the Special Warfare Group, whose
component units receive funding and training adequate to allow them
to stand alongside their international counterparts in more affluent
nations (although they are often held to do so based more on the determination,
ingenuity and sheer determination of their soldiers rather than 2nd
Tier quality training or equipment).
Likewise, the strategic situation of the Confederation is rather
different from that of Israel. The nation is not infinite in size, but it has
some operational depth such that every inch of territory need not be
contested. The Confederation
has the luxury of not regarding every war as a war of survival,
in point of fact it has lost wars, most notably to Arabia in 2209 and 2215, losing both
Aqaba and Eilat
in the process. Still, some lingering
echoes of this “all or nothing” sentiment can be heard in Confederation
politics and felt in CDF doctrine, particularly some of the more “radically
asymmetric” operational and strategic thinking within the Special Warfare
Confederation Defense Force has participated in five regional conflicts
within the last fifty years.
Kurdish-Iraqi War (2260): After war erupted between Iraq and Kurdistan, the CDF joined with Turkey in launching offensive action against Iraq to force a return to status-quo antebellum.
Most of the fighting took place in northern Iraq and Kurdistan, but the presence of a reinforced division of Confederation
armor driving across the western desert towards Baghdad forced Iraq to strip forces away from the main front
and contributed to their ultimate collapse in the north. Primary units involved in this action were the
7th Armored Division and the 397th Reconnaissance
Brigade (then designated the 97th Commando Brigade).
Kurdish-Armenian War (2267-2270): Armenian cross-border pursuit
of Turkish separatist guerillas into Kurdish territory erupted into
a limited border war in 2267, again prompting the Confederation to intervene
alongside Turkey. In
this instance, the 301st Parachute Brigade and various units
of the Special Warfare Group deployed to the country, where they joined
Kurdish forces and Turkish mountain and airborne units in clearing Armenian
troops from within Kurdistan’s borders.
When incursions continued, the Confederation forces in country
initiated several cross-border artillery bombardments and punitive raids,
which seemed to send the region lurching towards a more general conflict. Faced with this prospect, France, Russia and the Ukraine quickly brokered a cease-fire, with the deployment
of a peacekeeping force from Australia and Mozambique to monitor the border for a period of seven
years (augmenting forces from those nations already enforcing a buffer
zone between Turkey and Armenia). Hostilities
were ended by early 2269, though a CDF force remained in country through
2270, when they turned the border region over to the peacekeepers.
War (2273): Despite
French and UAR pressures to resolve differences non-violently, war broke
out between Eritrea and Ethiopia concerning existing border disputes
exacerbated by mineral finds in the disputed area (which, ultimately
turned out to be largely overstated).
The war, which quickly began to spill armed groups over into
Djibouti and the southern UAR, was quickly terminated
by joint (and unexpected) combined French and UAR action. The Confederation had long had a close relationship
with Eritrea, and many were further surprised when the
UAR sought Confederation participation in a peacekeeping effort (along
with Italian and Dutch forces). The
CDF deployed the 301st Parachute Brigade bolstered by a battalion
battle group from the 5th Light Armored Division for most
of 2273, and fought a number of small unit actions against insurgents
while enforcing the integrity of the Eritrean-Ethiopian border.
Aegean War (2274): Official Palestinian participation in the
latest Greco-Turkish conflict was limited to the deployment of the 301st
and 398th Brigades to Turkey, where they took part in limited combat operations,
along with Palestinian naval and air forces. Unofficially, the 822nd Reconnaissance
Brigade is often blamed for a series of bombing attacks against various
Greek military installations and the assassination of the Greek Navy’s
Chief of Staff during the conflict, but this has never been substantiated.
Arabian War (2280-1):
Wahhabi Arabia and the multi-ethnic Confederation
have repeatedly come to blows either directly or indirectly since the
end of Arabia's occupation by foreign powers. War erupted again in 2280
after the murder of a number of Palestinians on pilgrimage to Mecca
by Arabian paramilitaries. An Arabian drive on Amman from Aqaba (in
Arabian hands since the 2215 war) was stopped cold (aided in part by
the deployment of strike aircraft sorties from Turkey), but a Confederation
attempt to flank the Arabian forces and move on Aqaba floundered and
ran out of steam as Arabian reserves were rushed into the theater from
the Persian Gulf coastal regions. Syria joined the war in late 2280
with a limited expeditionary force, but its movement into the Bekaa
Valley was quickly halted by mobilized Confederation reserve units.
With international intervention, the war was eventually resolved with
a return to pre-war borders, compensation paid by Arabia for the dead
pilgrims, and Arabia, the Confederation, and Syria required to jointly
fund an international peacekeeping force of Azanian, Brazilian, American,
and Czech troops (the "A2BCFOR") deployed along the border for the next
five years. With the withdrawal of the A2BCFOR the situation along the
border has deteriorated, particularly in the region near Aqaba and Eilat,
spawning a steady stream of shooting incidents and exchanges of artillery
fire by both sides, increasing in both frequency and intensity in the
2290s and since the turn of the century.
Relations in 2300
remains a volatile region, and the Confederation counts as enemies a
number of its immediate neighbors. Offsetting this is the Confederation’s long-standing
alliance with France and
Turkey, both of which have been considered close allies for most of the last
century, despite sometimes rocky relations during the Age of Recovery.
Confederation and Space:
The Confederation has no presence in space of its own beyond Earth orbit,
where they maintain a number of civil and military satellites.
A number of Confederation business firms do operate within the
solar system, however, primarily as subcontractors or secondary service
industry roles related to Turkish and various European asteroid mining
projects. Beyond the solar system, there is a minimal
Confederation presence, with consulates on some colony worlds (primarily
in the American and French Arms). There
are, however, a great many Confederation nationals who have immigrated
to various colonies, especially, in the last twenty years, to Australian
and American destinations.
and Australia: These
two nations are not much involved with the Confederation or the Middle East in general, outside
of enforcing peace in the region on occasion.
Diplomatic relations with the two have become increasingly important
in the last twenty years, however, as America
and Australia have become the primary destination of emigrating citizens of the
Confederation, both on Earth and to the two nation’s colonies. This has little direct bearing militarily, though
the CDF has sent observers with both nation’s
militaries, as well as the British and French, since the outbreak of
the Kafer War.
Considered the most threatening
of the Confederation's neighbors, Arabia has fought limited wars against
the Confederation repeatedly in the last two centuries since gaining
its independence from foreign occupation in 2112, particularly as French
influence in the region diminished within the last century. Arabia's
successful transition from a struggling post-petroleum economy to profitable
exploitation of its colonial holdings on Daikoku, and successful utilization
of Japanese advisors and equipment, have made it more of a threat in
the eyes of the CDF, and its occupation of Aqaba/Eilat and other traditionally
Jordanian and Israeli territory remains a point of cold and hot conflict
between the two nations.
Britain: The Confederation has close diplomatic ties to Britain dating back to the pre-unification
era, and maintained since then (Britain was one of the major forces
behind the actual unification-based peace plan which resulted in the
Confederation). Military contact
is generally limited to exchange of staff officers and the attendance
by Confederation officers of British military colleges and courses,
but Britain has been a traditional source
of weapons systems for the Confederation.
Eritrea: The Confederation has a long-standing, close relationship with
Eritrea stemming from joint cooperation
in arranging for the resettlement of the remnants of the Felash Mora (the so called "Ethiopian Jewry")
within the Confederation in the late 21st century. Contact has often been as much about economic
aid and humanitarian projects as military cooperation, though the relationship
has become more one of equals in the last several decades as Eritrea’s economic situation has improved.
relationship between France and the Confederation has varied
wildly over the course of the last three centuries, depending on the
goals and priorities of both nations.
French attempts to maintain peace in the Middle East have sometimes been to the benefit
of the Confederation, but when they have not appeared as such, the Confederation
has not shied away from opposing and undermining French initiatives.
Relationships have been generally good for the last several decades,
however, excepting tensions during the Kurdish-Iraqi War.
Exchanges and joint training exercises are currently common,
though less frequent than those conducted with Turkey, and Confederation ports are
common ports of call for French naval vessels.
Greece and the Balkans: Relations have been strained between the Confederation and
Greece dating back to Israeli nuclear
strikes against southern Greece during the Twilight War, and
exacerbated since then by the Confederation’s alliance with Turkey. Relations have always been proper, at best,
when not strained to the breaking point by the perpetually bad Greco-Turkish
relations or the actions of some of Greece’s less stable allies in the
relationship between the Confederation and Iran is a complicated one. Both nations are generally opposed to Arabia, for their own, and often unrelated
reasons, but Iran has occasional difficulties
with the Confederation’s allies Turkey and France. Palestine’s close relationship with Kurdistan has sometimes soured things
between Teheran and Jerusalem, though the current situation
is not a point of strain. Consequently,
the two nations often times find themselves moving in similar directions,
diplomatically, particularly concerning Arabia, and otherwise maintain
a generally neutral attitude towards one another.
influence in Iraq, like Syria, has served to moderate the
nation’s relationship with the Confederation, but has also ensured that
the Iraqi military is a more capable force than it might be if left
to its own devices. War with
Iraq is considered a realistic concern
by the CDF, particularly with French involvement in the Middle East becoming increasingly vestigial
as commitments elsewhere on Earth and in the French Arm siphon off more
and more attention.
neutral for much of the post-Twilight era, Italy and the Confederation developed
some low-level ties during peacekeeping operations in Eritrea and have maintained them since.
Joint exercises between the two nations’ naval and special forces
are common, and in 2295 the two nations undertook a more involved joint
training exercise when the Confederation 301st Parachute
Brigade jumped into Sicily alongside the Folgore
Airborne Division for a month-long training exercise focusing on low-intensity
conflict and peacekeeping operations.
between the Confederation and Kurdistan have developed into a strong
diplomatic and military relationship within the last forty years, initially
based on Kurdish purchase of military systems and developing from there. Joint training exercises in Kurdistan are quite common, and Palestinian
forces have deployed to Kurdistan on a number of occasions for
show of force missions after the Armenian-Kurdish War.
Syria: Syria, like Iraq, has been stabilized for some
time by French influences and, like Iraq, is still considered a potential
adversary. Syria is actually considered a more
likely opponent than Iraq, owing to continued Syrian claims
to Confederation territory, ranging at times from calls for the return
of the Golan to outright annexation of Lebanon.
Turkey: Turkey is a traditional ally of the
Confederation, dating all the way back to joint Turkish-Israeli air
and naval operations during the Twilight War.
During the Age of Recovery, Israel and Jordan did much to aid recovery in
Turkey, but as Confederation prominence
in international affairs has faded from the post-Twilight War highpoint,
Turkey has increasingly become the
senior partner in the alliance. Joint
training exercises with Turkish forces, particularly both nation’s special forces and rapid deployment units, are very common,
and the two nations have fought together in a number of regional conflicts.
United Arab Republic: Long considered the most pressing security threat to the Confederation
owing to its proximity and expansionist policies, the Confederation
and the UAR never openly came to blows owing largely to French influence
on both nations. The loss of
territory by both nations to Arabia at the beginning of the 23rd
century not only gave them common cause, but created a buffer zone between
the two which collectively reduced tensions greatly. While relations have never been extremely close,
they are proper and occasionally lend themselves to common action, such
as the peacekeeping effort in Eritrea in 2273.
Air Defense Brigade:
This brigade (HQ in Jerusalem) is responsible for the operation and maintenance of
the nation's strategic air defenses, built around the Gaza anti-ballistic missile system. Service
in the unit is prestigious and competitive, as the high-tech nature
of the Gaza system translates into valuable job skills
in the civilian sector. The unit
recruits from across the nation, having first pick
of conscripts with requisite test scores and aptitudes, regardless of
recruiting district. The unit
is notable for the very high percentage of female soldiers, especially
Muslim female soldiers, in its ranks.
Light Armored Division: This division headquartered in Amman and mostly
drawing its recruits from Jordan, is unique in the CDF as the organization's
only hover-mobile major formation. Equipped with British Cavalier hover
tanks and French AVCI-3 personnel carriers, the division's three subordinate
armored brigades are the main delaying force (along with the air force)
for any opponent approaching the Confederation's population centers
from across the southern or eastern deserts. The three brigades undertake
rotating six-month peacetime deployments to installations along the
border, which remains a hardship posting. The division has frequently
exchanged fire with their Arabian counterparts in the southern desert
since the withdrawal of stabilizing forces in 2286, and a bloody rivalry
has grown up between the 5th Light Armored Division and the Arabian
10th (Baluchi) Division, the elite of the Arabian border security forces.
5th Light Armored Division patch
Tracing its existence, and much of its esprit de corps, back to the
Israeli airborne forces of the 20th century, the 301st
Parachute Brigade is the Confederation’s primary expeditionary force.
Though subordinate to the Special Warfare Group, the Brigade
is configured as a conventional light infantry formation and is capable
of deploying by airborne or airmobile means, as necessary. Limited airlift and the regional air defense
environment are such that the CDF generally considers the wartime role
of the brigade in defense of the Confederation to be generating company
and battalion-sized strike forces for raids against high priority targets
in the enemy rear, alongside the 398th Commando Brigade. The more general use of the 301st,
however, is in international deployments, where the brigade has distinguished
itself in conflicts and peacekeeping missions throughout the Middle East and elsewhere.
301st Parachute Brigade patch
Tracing its history back to the first joint
Israeli-Jordanian military unit, the 55th Reconnaissance Battalion,
a light motorized unit tasked with maintaining surveillance along pipelines
and road from south-eastern Iraq to Israel and Jordan during the post-Twilight
era, the 397th Brigade maintains that tradition to this day. It is primarily
a long-range reconnaissance unit, trained to function as both an airmobile
and motorized force, as necessary. Their wartime mission would be to
slip across national frontiers (either by self-deploying or by covert
aerial insertion) and disrupt enemy supply and communications by identifying
targets for Air Force attacks, as well as direct action against high
value targets in the enemy rear area. The brigade consists of three
small, subordinate battalions, two equipped with light unarmored hovercraft
for mobility, the third a light-infantry formation, plus supporting
assets. Combat missions into Arabia are rumored to be occasional taskings,
designating targets for CDF artillery raids.
Commando Brigade: A Middle-Eastern style commando organization,
the 398th is organized as a conventional motorized infantry brigade,
but trained to extremely high standards and intended mainly to serve
as the CDF's elite fire brigade in restricted or built up terrain, both
on the offense and defense. The brigade trains for airmobile deployment
of assets, though primary mobility is via its own vehicles, and there
is a great deal of rivalry between the 301st and 398th Brigades. Though
intended primarily for built up areas, in the last decade the brigade
has also detached company sized elements for cross-border raids into
Arabia to eliminate point targets like Border Guard posts and artillery
398th Commando Brigade patch
Naval Commando Brigade:
This unit is technically a part of the Confederation Navy, and is tailored
for littoral special operations, though it also has a secondary wartime
mission of land operations, especially in the Lebanese and Anti-Lebanese Mountains or other rough terrain areas. The brigade, unusual for such organizations,
includes a heavy mechanized element in the form of two companies of
Cavalier hovertanks and a company of
AVCI-3 hover infantry carriers, which function in an amphibious fast-attack
role and for certain maritime missions.
Other assets include the 1st and 2nd Commando
Battalions. The former is configured as conventional light
infantry and serving as marines for the Navy, providing boarding parties
and the like. The 2nd
Battalion includes combat dive teams, including deep submersible teams
using French-manufactured combat swimmers, which function in the SBS/SEAL
role. The brigade trains extensively with their Turkish,
British, and French counterparts, and more recently with the Italian
San Marco Marine Regiment. Brigade headquarters is at Sidon, with most elements based there.
Technically a part of the 8th Reserve Infantry
Division, the 822nd Battalion is actually the elite of the CDF's special
operations forces, being tasked with peacetime "black ops" in support
of the Confederation Intelligence Service, counter-terrorism missions,
and discrete punitive operations against "point targets" in Arabia,
Syria, and elsewhere. The unit is also rumored to be active supporting
dissident Jordanian and Jewish groups in occupied Aqaba and Eilat. The
unit trains closely with the Confederation Intelligence Service for
the infiltration of operatives into hostile nations for various operations.
Planned wartime missions, beyond strategic reconnaissance and assassination
of key enemy leaders, are rumored to include "Jericho Falls" missions
(the term is unofficial, taken from a popular work of fiction of the
same name about the 3rd Arabian War, first published in 2294), involving
the infiltration of small, man-portable nuclear weapons into enemy territory,
as well as aiding the CIS in identifying and eliminating similar enemy
special operations units. The 822nd is small (estimated strength of
250 or less, with perhaps two-thirds of that being operational personnel),
and draws its members from both the Special Warfare Group and the CIS.
The unit has no distinctive insignia (members wear the 8th Division's
"Cedars of Lebanon" shoulder patch) and are prohibited from wearing
decorations and qualification badges when in uniform (rarely worn in
any case) to avoid calling attention to themselves. Operations are a
state secret, though rumors abound of actions nominally attributed to
various separatist and guerilla throughout the Middle East and eastern
Mediterranean being the handiwork of the Palestinian special forces.
8th Reserve Infantry Division patch, also worn by the 822nd Reconnaissance
OF SELECTED UNITS
following outlines typical CDF organization, though it should be mentioned
that operationally task-organizing units for specific missions is quite
likely. Combat service support
assets are omitted from the descriptions below for brevity’s sake.
CDF has three armored divisions, each made up of two armored brigades,
a mechanized infantry brigade, plus supporting divisional troops including
a heavy rocket artillery battalion (eighteen Brazilian MD-32 long range
MLRs mounted on Type 119 IFV hulls), an engineer
battalion, an air defense battalion and a reconnaissance battalion.
There are no divisional aviation assets (besides reconnaissance
UAVs), as all aircraft and attack UCAVs
are under the control of the Confederation Air Force.
divisions are built around the modern and capable Mk.6 tracked multi-purpose
armored fighting vehicle, a Turkish design capable of various modular
configurations, including a main battle tank, infantry combat vehicle,
etc. The divisions are optimized
to operate in the rough and/or urbanized terrain that characterizes
most of the Confederation.
Brigade: Each armored brigade consists
of two armored battalions, an artillery battalion equipped with eighteen
Manchurian Type 200 110mm self-propelled electromagnetic howitzers,
and a brigade reconnaissance company equipped with eight Mk.6 Reconnaissance and Surveillance Vehicles
and eight Mk.6 Infantry Combat Vehicles.
Each armor battalion has a headquarters company, to include a
platoon of six self-propelled 105mm mortars, and three tank companies,
each of sixteen tanks.
tank company includes the commander’s Mk. 6 command vehicle and three
tank platoons, each of five Mk.6s split between three MBTs (armed with
vertical launch Type 93 missiles) and two Infantry Combat Vehicles,
each carrying six infantrymen, for a total of twelve infantrymen per
platoon. These troops are generally
employed as close-security for the platoon’s vehicles during operations
in restricted terrain, though they may also be massed into a 36 man
rifle platoon as needed. Typically,
one or more of the company’s platoon leaders has attended CDF’s
Armored Infantry Leaders Course (AILC), qualifying him to serve as an
infantry platoon leader when massed dismounted operations are employed.
twelve man squad consists of a squad leader (usually a sergeant, though
sometimes a corporal), commanding one four man fire team, with two assistant
squad leaders (usually corporals), each leading two more four man teams.
Each four man team is equipped with a Bekaa-LMG
light machinegun, a Golan 30mm grenade launcher, and two Bekaa-AR
assault rifles. The squad also
has access to a single Luce-5 laser rifle, for sharp-shooting
and Cobra light ATGWs, for missions
requiring either capability.
each squad will have at least one soldier per fire team who has received
special advanced training on the Cobra missile above the basic familiarization
all soldiers receive. Another soldier per fire team will have some
advanced training on demolitions, especially hasty breaching of simple
minefields and use of explosives in urban combat. Additionally, each squad typically contains
at least one soldier who has received advanced training in communications
systems to serve as a signaler, another with training to serve as a
first line medic, and at least one who has been trained to use the Luce-5
laser rifle as a designated marksman.
71st 'Barak' Armoured Brigade patch
Brigade: The mechanized brigade
is larger than the armored brigade, and is intended for more deliberate,
less maneuver oriented operations, most especially in urban areas.
Like the armored brigade it includes a battalion of 18 EM howitzers
and a reconnaissance company of eight Mk.6 RSVs
and eight Mk.6 ICVs. ‘Teeth’ elements, however, consist of three
Mechanized Battalion consists of a headquarters company (again including
a six tube mortar platoon), a tank company of ten Mk.6 MBTs, and three
rifle companies equipped with lighter Manchurian designed Type 119 ‘Targan’
infantry fighting vehicles.
rifle company consists of a headquarters section (mounted on three Type
119s), a weapons platoon, and three rifle platoons.
The weapons platoon has two Type 119s modified to carry 105mm
auto-mortars and two Type 129 tank destroyers armed with Type 93 ATGW.
Total AFV strength amounts to nineteen Type 119s.
platoons have four vehicles each, carrying three eight-man rifle squads,
plus a two man medical team, a two man forward observer team, and a
four man sapper team. Each squad is equipped with two Bekaa-LMGs, two Golan semi-auto grenade launchers,
and four Bekaa-AR assault rifles.
Cobra light ATGW and a Luce-5 laser rifle are carried
on each squad vehicle for use as needed. The sappers, FO team, and medics all carry Bekaa-AR rifles.
44th 'Golani' and 79th
‘Givati’ Mechanised Brigade patches
Battalion: This organization provides
a range of reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition assets
for the Armored Division. Main
components consist of two Aerial Reconnaissance Companies, two Reconnaissance
Companies, and one Surveillance Company.
Aerial Reconnaissance Companies each operate ten Phantom medium-range
UAVs, capable of providing an aerial reconnaissance
footprint covering an entire divisional front and extending up to 100
km forward of friendly troops (though this is highly dependent on the
air defense environment). The Phantom is an unarmed system that
features a current generation Brazilian sensor array of formidable abilities.
Reconnaissance Companies each consist of twelve Mk.6 Reconnaissance
and Surveillance Vehicles, plus two Mk.6 Command Post Vehicles.
Unlike the brigade reconnaissance companies there are no organic
infantry carriers, as the division Recon Companies do not have a close reconnaissance
role. They primarily operate
as far forward of the division as possible and feed targeting data back
to division and higher strike systems.
On the defensive, this forward operating role would consist of
occupying hide positions and then going into a stay-behind mission.
Surveillance Company is a light infantry organization, again configured
for either the stay-behind role or forward insertion by CAF assets.
The company is organized into a
headquarters (seventeen men) plus ten four-man Reconnaissance
Teams, each consisting of a Team Leader (usually a sergeant), a Scout/Observer
(usually a private or PFC) and two Communications Technicians (the senior
usually a corporal, the junior a PVT or PFC).
Armament consists of one Luce-5 laser rifle (usually carried
by the team leader) and three Bekaa-AR
rifles, with the Team Leader and senior Commo
Tech both also being issued suppressed Falcon automatic pistols. Communications equipment and optics, the primary
weapons of these units, are both first rate, the former being encrypted
French systems and the latter being top-end British multi-spectral man-portable
CDF has one light armored division, the Amman-based 5th Light
Armored Division, a predominantly Jordanian unit (meaning, of course,
that it recruits in the area of Jordan,
actual personnel include Palestinians, Jews, various Lebanese ethnicities
and others along with Jordanian Bedouins).
The division is equipped with Cavalier hover tanks and
the AVCI-3 hover personnel carrier and its derivatives.
The unit’s wartime mission is largely to delay any advance across
the southern or eastern desert towards more populated areas, which would
be defended by the CDF’s armored and infantry
divisions. The nature of this
operation dictates a rather decentralized organization.
Because of this, much of what would be divisional assets in other
CDF units are pushed out to the division’s three armored brigades, allowing
their commanders a high level of autonomy.
subunits of the division are three armored brigades, each consisting
of two armored battalions, a mechanized infantry battalion, and an artillery
battalion, plus supporting assets, including an air defense company,
an engineer company, a ground reconnaissance company (unarmored hovercraft)
and an aerial reconnaissance company (UAVs).
armored battalion consists of a headquarters company (including a six
tube self-propelled mortar platoon using modified AVCI-3s) and four
tank companies, each of ten tanks. Each company is further divided into a headquarters
tank and three three-tank platoons.
mechanized battalion consists of a headquarters company (again with
a six tube mortar platoon) and four rifle companies.
Each rifle company has three rifle platoons and an anti-armor
platoon equipped with four AVCI-3s modified to carry vertical launch
Type 93 ATGWs. Rifle platoons are organized similarly to those
described in the Armored Division’s Mechanized Brigade above, except
that the Sapper team is replaced by a four-man
anti-armor team, equipped with two Blindicide-9 ATGW launchers
(5th Light Armored Division is the first unit in the CDF
equipped with the new missile).
CDF has two active and five reserve infantry division.
These organizations are intended primarily for defensive operations,
especially in rough or urban terrain, to free up the armored divisions
for offensive or counter-offensive operations.
of the two active infantry divisions consists of one mechanized brigade
identical to the armored division mechanized brigade described above
and two motorized infantry brigades. Divisional troops are identical to those found
in the armored divisions, though the Reconnaissance Battalion is somewhat
different in composition.
2nd Infantry Division patch
Brigade: The infantry brigade consists
of three motorized infantry battalions, a battalion of eighteen Type
200 EM howitzers, a tank company with ten Mk.6 MBTs, and a reconnaissance
company. Each motorized infantry
battalion has a headquarters company, a weapons company, a mechanized
company, and two rifle companies.
weapons company is mounted on a mix of soft-skin vehicles and Type 119
IFVs and derivatives. It consists of a mortar platoon (six 105mm auto-mortar
carriers), an anti-armor platoon (eight Type 129 tank destroyers), a
combat walker platoon with twelve Manchurian Type 9-3 combat walkers,
and a sniper platoon. Both the
combat walker platoon and sniper platoon are reliant on soft-skinned
trucks and range-trucks for transportation.
sniper platoon consists of nineteen personnel, including a platoon leader,
platoon sergeant, and communications specialist, plus eight two-man
sniper teams. The platoon is
intended to provide reconnaissance, harassing fire, and target interdiction
for the battalion, and so members of the platoon require higher levels
of field craft than are expected in line unit sharpshooters armed with
the Luce-5. Armament for the
platoon consists of eight Luce-5 laser rifles and eight FTE-10 gauss
sniper rifles, plus eleven Bekaa-AR assault
rifles for team spotters and the command group.
Depending on the mission, a given sniper team will employ either
the laser or the gauss rifle – which ever weapon is not needed staying
in the platoon’s supply truck.
mechanized company is equipped with Type 119 IFVs and organized like
the mechanized company described above in the Mechanized Brigade section,
except that the weapons platoon is omitted. CDF doctrine regards these units as the infantry
battalion commander’s force of choice for main offensive or defensive
efforts, but oftentimes the company’s infantry are dismounted and the
carriers are held as a battalion reserve or direct-fire support asset
to reinforce anywhere in the battalion sector, owing to the punch of
their plasma cannons.
rifle companies consist of a headquarters section, a weapons platoon,
and three rifle platoons, all provided with cargo or range trucks for
mobility. Rifle platoons each
break down into three twelve-man squads (organized and equipped like
armored battalion infantry squads described above), plus a platoon leader,
platoon sergeant, platoon medic, and signaler.
weapons platoon consists of a Light Support Squad, a Close Support Squad,
an Anti-Armor Squad, and a Sapper Squad.
The platoon is provided with range trucks, rather than cargo
models, primarily to allow maximum flexibility and maneuverability of
key weapons system for the company. In static defensive operations, CDF doctrine
calls for the vehicles to be massed in the rear for use moving (otherwise
cargo truck mobile) company and battalion reserves forward, and also
to assist the battalion’s ambulance section in casualty evacuation.
Light Support Squad is equipped with three range trucks armed with both
a DunArmCo Mini-12 heavy machinegun and a
local Hadera 30mm automatic grenade
launcher. Each range truck includes
a driver, a vehicle commander, a gunner, and an assistant gunner as
well as the two weapons systems. The
squad can either be employed mounting the heavy machineguns or AGLs on gun-shield equipped ring-mounts, or either or both
weapons can be dismounted for use on tripods (the four man crew allows
each vehicle to put one two man heavy weapons team on the ground and
another on the vehicle, as well).
Close Support Squad is provided with two range trucks for its ten personnel,
which consists of two vehicle drivers and four two-man plasma gun teams,
armed with a Quinn-Darlan Mk.2-A2 PGMP and
Anti-Armor Squad likewise has two range-trucks, each also provided with
a five man crew, and, like the Close Support Squad, consisting of two
two-man teams plus a driver per vehicle. In this case, each team is equipped with a launcher
for Blindicide-3 ATGWs, with each range-truck
carrying a total of forty of the lightweight missiles. All personnel are armed with Bekaa-AR rifles along with the missile launchers.
The improved Blindicide-9 ATGW has been procured by the
CDF and is slowly entering service, but most units are still equipped
with the earlier missile, particularly with the Kafer War slowing French
Sapper Squad has a last two range-trucks, each with a trailer for demolitions
and other equipment, and consists of two drivers plus a total of eight
combat engineers. The squad is primarily responsible for mining
operations and the use of explosives to improve fighting positions,
especially urban ones (i.e. mouse-holing walls, etc.).
Sapper squad personnel, along with battalion snipers, tend to
be among the best soldiers in any given battalion.
Infantry Divisions: CDF reserve infantry divisions
differ from the two active duty divisions in that they are composed
of three Infantry Brigades, and lack a Mechanized Brigade. Instead, they have an independent tank battalion
as a divisional asset, equipped with thirty tanks divided up into three
companies of ten. This battalion
can either be parceled out to augment the brigade tank companies, or
retained as an offensive/counter-offensive force.
Also, the reserve division tank battalion and brigade tank companies
are not issued the Mk.6 tank, but rather use the older Turkish Mk.5.
324th Reserve Infantry Division patch
301st Parachute Brigade is a very lightly equipped intervention
force, built around three light infantry battalions supported by a small
artillery battalion (equipped with twelve Brazilian MD-100 howitzers),
as well as aerial reconnaissance (UAV equipped), pathfinder, engineer,
air defense, and anti-armor companies.
battalion consists of a Headquarters Company, including a sensor-based
Reconnaissance Platoon (equipped with a mix of light UAVs
and remote sensor systems), and a mortar platoon with four towed 105mm
mortars. Rifle companies are configured like the Infantry
Brigade rifle company described above, without motorized transport,
and with a more austere weapons platoon equipped with four four-man
French 80mm mortars, four two-man Blindicide-9 teams, and four
two-man sniper teams armed with Luce-5 laser rifles.
that the 399th Naval Commando Brigade’s 1st Battalion
is organized identically to one of the 301st’s infantry battalions,
though the unit typically operates as more frequently as company or
platoon sized detachments than as a full battalion.
397th Reconnaissance Brigade controls various long-range
reconnaissance assets which, in time of war, would be involved in target
detection and damage assessment in the deep battle beyond 90 kilometers
forward of friendly troops. Besides the high-profile ‘desert rats’ and LRRP
units, the brigade also controls a long-range UAV aerial reconnaissance
battalion and a small (100 man) military intelligence battalion equipped
for signal/electronic reconnaissance and decryption.
elements of the brigade consist of two motorized Reconnaissance Battalions
(1st and 2nd Battalions) and one light Reconnaissance
Battalion (3rd). The two motorized battalions consist of an austere
Headquarters Company and three Reconnaissance Companies (each commanded
by a major, rather than a captain).
Reconnaissance Companies have an equally austere company headquarters
(like the battalion HQ company, most headquarters
personnel are communication specialists) and four Reconnaissance Platoons. Each reconnaissance platoon, led by a captain
or senior lieutenant, consists of sixteen men, split into four teams,
each operating from a highly modified hover-rover well equipped with
advanced sensor systems, communications gear, and defensive armament. The 3rd Reconnaissance Battalion
is identically organized, except that its Reconnaissance Companies have
no organic vehicles and are designed for infiltration or stay-behind
missions in rough terrain or urban areas.
precise composition of the 822nd Reconnaissance Battalion
is a closely guarded state secret, but it is believe to consist of approximately
250 personnel, with approximately 160 of those being “operators,” the
remainder being assigned to various support roles (which are rumored
to include some of the finest computer intrusion specialists in the
Confederation). Unlike the remainder of the CDF, it is purported
that the 822nd has no restrictions on women serving in combatant
roles and some have suggested that as much as 40% of the unit’s support
and operational personnel are women.
basic building block for operations is the four-person cell, of which
the battalion is believed to have approximately forty (with perhaps
10-15 being non-operational at any given time for various reasons).
Within the cell, some degree of specialization exists in relevant
skills (computer intrusion, weapons handling, demolitions, etc.), but
any one member of the battalion is expected, when fully trained, to
possess the necessary skill set for independent operations, should the
situation require such, and it is believed to be quite rare for more
than two cells to be assigned to an operation.
It is believed that different cells also have certain specializations
as well, such as surveillance, close-quarters direct action, more impersonal
means of eliminating targets, etc.
Enlisted: The CDF is largely a conscript force
with a professional cadre of officers and mid to upper level NCOs. The current personnel system has evolved greatly
since the CDF was originally formed as a controlling headquarters for
the militaries of Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon. During
that era, force structure and personnel needs were established by the
three national governments, with input from the Palestinian Ministry
for Defense Affairs. There were
no Palestinian units, per se, but certain units of the IDF, in the mid-21st
century, were established exclusively for ethnic Palestinians (the Jordanian
and Lebanese militaries, with a high percentage of ethnic Palestinians
already in service, vigorously and successfully opposed the formation
of all-Palestinian units in their force structure). In the intervening two and a half centuries,
the CDF has experimented with various organizational and personnel systems,
before settling on the current system, which simply divides the country
into geographic recruiting districts for each division. This produces some units that are highly homogenous,
in terms of ethnicity, but the majority of divisions are of mixed ethnic
composition. In the modern era
this very rarely produces any friction or other problems (and any that
do occur are swiftly and quietly dealt with by the CDF).
theory, all men and women in the Confederation are subject to National
Service conscription at the age of 18, with an obligation for three
years of service. Actual manpower requirements for the military
are such, however, that actual active duty military service is not universal
(especially in heavily populated urban recruiting districts), and is
generally voluntary. Those eighteen
year olds not selected for active military service either fulfill their
National Service commitments by serving in the military reserves, or
in various civil service postings.
going into the active components of the military undergo a roughly six
month basic and individual training cycles, the precise length of which
varies by specialty (in the case of some technical jobs, basic skills
training may be longer). Personnel are formed into platoons and companies
from the start of their basic training, so much of their initial six
month training period, loosely analogous to most military basic and
individual training regimes, is actually spent learning platoon and
company level operations, as well as individual skills.
Given companies will generally remain together for at least 24
months of their National Service commitment.
After completion of basic training, formed units are inducted
into their parent brigades and enter into a series of six month training
the end of the first 24 months of service, those personnel who have
demonstrated leadership potential (and usually already been advanced
to lance corporal or corporal already) are sent to the CDF’s
Basic NCO Course where, upon completion, they will be promoted to Sergeant
and posted back to their units, the best being attached to an incoming
squads or crew of new conscripts, the remainder paired up with a unit
with some experience already. Other
personnel are sent to various specialist schools and posted to key brigade
units, such as Reconnaissance Companies, Weapons Companies, and the
like. These units, as a consequence, are among the
most proficient sectors of the CDF military.
the end of the first 24 months of service, personnel are also given
the opportunity to apply for cross-posting to the various units in the
CDF Special Warfare Group (with the exception of the 822nd
Reconnaissance Battalion, which does not openly recruit).
Personnel wishing to do so must agree to extend their conscription
period to an additional twelve months, and must then pass first the
Special Warfare Group Combat Skills Evaluation and additional selection
courses for their specific unit they wish to enter.
Most personnel in the Group functioning as private soldiers actually
wear lance corporal or corporal rank, but the CDF is generally informal
in its use of rank.
an individual’s National Service period is at its end, some will be
given the opportunity to remain on active duty (mostly those who were
promoted to sergeant already) and enter the ranks of the professional
NCO corps. Other personnel are offered the chance to transition
to reserve units on a voluntary basis.
The 822nd Battalion does not conduct announced or formalized
recruiting programs. Instead, the unit seeks out promising personnel,
usually from the SWG and Confederation Intelligence Service. However,
the 822nd occasionally recruits more widely, particularly if the unit
needs someone with specialized technical skills, language abilities,
or area knowledge. Training, like recruitment, is informal though
Non-Commissioned Officers: Conscripts who demonstrate
leadership potential can rise as high as the rank of Corporal during
their National Service commitment. Above
the rank of Sergeant, the CDF NCO corps are
strictly professional contract soldiers.
Selection for advancement through the NCO ranks is typically
rigorous and includes infantry-focused training and evaluation courses
for all branches of service, as well as branch-specific requirements. The CDF has traditionally outperformed their
regional enemies based in no small part on the professionalism and skill
of its NCO corps, and every effort is made during peacetime to ensure
that non-commissioned officers are capable and well trained leaders.
Typically, a combat arms NCO in the CDF will be given at least
one opportunity to attend at least one foreign training course in France, Britain, or Turkey during his career. In the Special Warfare Group, this is much more
common, with most going abroad for cross-training every two-three years.
Officers: At the end of the two year conscription
period, a select group of soldiers with high test scores, good service
records, and recognized leadership potential are offered state-subsidized
college educations with simultaneous enrollment in an officer training
cadre unit which has a training schedule somewhat more rigorous than
a standard reserve unit in lieu of attending the Basic NCO Course. The idea was loosely copied from American and
British officer training systems and was a successful attempt to improve
the level of education among CDF officers, who for some time continued
the Israeli tradition of being highly capable soldiers but less than
well rounded, educationally speaking.
A very small number of potential officer cadets (typically
45 each year) are given the opportunity to attend French, British, or
Turkish national military academies under agreements worked out with
the governments of those nations. Similar
agreements allow CDF officers to subsequently attend a range of professional
and staff colleges in those nations as well.
Reservists who are university students, or who otherwise meet
CDF educational requirements, may enroll in officer training cadre units
after four years of satisfactory service and attainment of non-commissioned
officer rank. They receive commissions in reserve units.
rank structure reflects both American (via the Israeli Defense Force)
and British (via the Royal Jordanian Army) influence, with the end result
being something of a compromise between the two systems. The chart
below shows the rank structure as well as the units typically led/commanded
by persons holding a given rank. The levels of responsibility
listed should be taken as representative, but not absolute, for the
CDF -- it is common for capable NCOs and officers to fill positions
a level above their current rank, for instance.
Two-year conscripts (and reservists during their first three
years of service) may be promoted up to the rank of Corporal. Officer ranks correspond, in responsibility,
to American and European equivalents. The senior-most Lieutenant
General in the CDF, serves as Chief of Staff
(typically a stepping stone to a subsequent and prominent political
career). Current chief of staff is Lt. General Binyamin Mahoudi,
formerly commander of the 5th Light Armored Division. His five
year tenure ends in 2304.
CDF Rank Structure
First Class (E)
XO or Commander
Sergeant Major (1)
and other Major Comamnd SM
NOTES: E = Enlisted ranks, all ranks above this considered
non-commissioned officers. The
Sergeant Major and Senior Sergeant Major ranks both include a junior
and senior pay grade (1 and 2), with the latter outranking the former.
field uniforms consist of trousers, shirt, and jacket in a two-color
khaki/sage camouflage pattern. Subdued versions of rank are worn on
epaulets. Vehicle crewmen are issued fire-retardant coveralls in the
same camouflage scheme. For combat operations, infantry and other ground
combatants add inertial body armor vests with rigid trauma plates (AV
1.5 for front and back of torso) and high-threat helmets. Vehicle crews
use fire-retardant non-rigid body armor suits, augmented with lighter
inertial body armor vests (combined AV 1), with crewman helmets that
provide standard helmet protection. Special Warfare Group personnel
typically wear Brazilian-manufactured polychromic camouflage uniforms
and thermal masking undersuits during field operations (though some
units also operate in civilian clothing, foreign uniforms, etc., as
dictated by the situation).
uniforms and daily service uniforms are khaki, with the same placement
of rank and patches. Medals and decorations (which the CDF only awards
in small numbers in any event), as well as qualification badges are
only worn with dress uniforms.
in all three uniforms consists of berets, in various colors reflecting
unit of assignment, worn with a branch or corps cap badge, supplemented
with brimmed boonie-type caps during field service when helmets are
not worn. The CDF abolished nation-specific beret or beret flashes and
cap badges and standardized headgear for all four nations in 2181.
Copyright, James Boschma, 2003