|introduction||concepts and theories||on this page||links|
|Jacques Lacan was a controversial French psychoanalyst, who discarded many of the ideas of Freud's various followers, and offered a radical "return to Freud".||Four Discourses||web links||book index|
Lacan's Four Discoursesveryard projects > books > lacan > 4 discourses
|Discourse of the Master||Struggle for mastery / domination / penetration. Based on Hegel's Master/Slave paradox.|
|Discourse of the University||Provision and worship of "objective" knowledge - usually in the unacknowledged service of some external master discourse.|
|Discourse of the Hysteric||Symptoms embodying and revealing resistance to the prevailing master discourse.|
|Discourse of the Analyst||Deliberate subversion of the prevailing master discourse.|
Slavoj Zizek uses the theory to explain various cultural artefacts,
including Don Giovanni and Parsifal.
|Master||Don Ottavio||Amfortas||inauthentic, inconsistent|
|Hysteric||Donna Elvira||Kundry||authentic, inconsistent|
|Analyst||Donna Anna||Parsifal||authentic, consistent|
This example happens to be in Slavoj Zizek, Tarrying with the Negative: Kant, Hegel and the Critique of Ideology (Duke University Press, 1993). Read chapter 5 - and see especially note 24 on page 274. There are similar examples in some of his numerous other books.
For an introduction see: Robert Samuels, Between Philosophy and Psychoanalysis: Lacan’s Reconstruction of Freud (New York: Routledge, 1993). The clearest explanation I have found is by Mark Bracher. "On the psychological and social functions of language: Lacan's Theory of the Four Discourses" in Mark Bracher (ed) Lacanian Theory of Discourse: Subject, Structure and Society. (New York University Press, 1994) pp 107-128
There is a brief explanation in Dylan Evans. An Introductory Dictionary of Lacanian Psychoanalysis. (Routledge 1996).
See also P. Boxer & V. Kenny, ‘The Economy of Discourses: A Third
Order Cybernetics?’, Human Systems Management, 9 (4), 1990, pp 205-224.
Real, Symbolic, Imaginary (after Lacan)veryard projects > books > lacan > rsi
|Causality||Althusser||transitive causality designates the senseless collisions of the real||expressive causality belongs to the level of the imaginary, it designates the logic of an identical imago which leaves its imprint at different levels of material content||overdetermination implies a symbolic totality, since such retroactive determination of the ground by the totality of the grounded is possible only within a symbolic universe||Z 140|
|Ground||Hegel||real ground||formal ground||complete ground||Z 140|
|History of psycho-analysis||Lacan||initial discovery of psycho-analysis by Freud||forgetting or repression of Freud by the school of ‘ego psychology’||Lacan’s own ‘return to Freud’||S 1|
|Level of experience||Sartre?||existential: the sensual existence of the isolated subject who is born into the world without any relation to any Other, without language, and without the ability to communicate||phenomenological: the pure experience of sensation becomes superseded by the unity of the ego and the intentionality of the individual||structural: the subject must sacrifice its sensual needs and its egotistical demands for the laws and values of its socio-historical environment||S 1|
|Intra-psychic agencies||Freud||id: instinctual sensation||ego: individual consciousness||superego: social law||S 3|
|History of philosophy||Karl Otto Appel||ontological:
(Plato to Descartes)
|epistemological: (Descartes to Kant)||linguistical:
|Freud (Project)||sensation (perception)||consciousness||language (memory)||S 4|
|Freud (Beyond Pleasure)||sexuality||narcissism||death drive||S 5|
|Logical categories||C.S. Peirce||firstness||secondness||thirdness||S 8|
|psychosis||neurosis||perversion (borderline, normal)|
|foreclosure (Verwerfung)||repression||denial||S 146|
|S||Robert Samuels, Between Philosophy and Psychoanalysis: Lacan’s reconstruction of Freud (New York: Routledge, 1993)|
|Z||Slavoj Zizek, Tarrying with the Negative: Kant, Hegel and the critique of ideology (Durham NC: Duke Univ Press, 1993)|
Lacan's Theory of Timeveryard projects > books > lacan > time
The correct deduction appears to depend on the hesitation of the group. "If I had a red disk, then each of the other prisoners would not hesitate to deduce immediately that he was green. Since neither has done so, I must also have a green disk."
Delay, doubt, hesitation, procrastination, the ability to make nothing happen (ungeschehenmachen) - these characteristic features of decision-making are grounded by Lacan in the phenomenology of obsessional neurosis.
For a detailed discussion, see John Forrester, The Seductions of
Psychoanalysis: Freud, Lacan and Derrida (Cambridge 1990), Chapter
8. The prisoner story can be found on p178 ff.
Decisions and Procrastination
Lacan's Theory of Repetition (Wiederholungszwang)veryard projects > books > lacan > repetition
Web Linksveryard projects > books > lacan > web links
Boxer Research Limited - Theoretical Papers on Organizations, based on Lacan, Maturana and others
Readingveryard projects > books > lacan > reading
The main source of material is the transcripts from the annual Seminars which Lacan delivered in Paris from 1953 onwards. Some of these are now available in English translation.
Mark Bracher (ed) Lacanian Theory of Discourse: Subject, Structure and Society. (New York University Press, 1994)
Dylan Evans. An Introductory Dictionary of Lacanian Psychoanalysis. (Routledge 1996).
John Forrester, The Seductions of Psychoanalysis: Freud, Lacan and Derrida (Cambridge 1990)
Darian Leader & Judy Groves, Lacan for Beginners (Icon Books, 1995)
Robert Samuels, Between Philosophy and Psychoanalysis: Lacan’s reconstruction of Freud (New York: Routledge, 1993)
|veryard projects > books > lacan||
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