Acton History

Old and Edwardian Acton

 

East Acton

East Acton was a popular location for postcard photographers and there were many versions printed of the forge and the view of the Goldsmith’s Arms.

Cottages at East Acton.

Looking North up East Acton Lane towards  the Goldsmith’s Arms.

 

Looking East from outside the (old) Goldsmith’s Arms (to the left). The Gallery of the pub was used to hire agricultural labourers.

Looking North accross the green to the (old) Goldsmith’s Arms. To the left is the Horse and Groom.

In this view the pub has been rebuilt, but the scene is still recognisable, and the old cottages in the centre are still there.

The picturesque forge at East Acton.

The Goldsmith's Almshouses Churchfield Road East.

The Centre of Acton

Market Place, about 1910.

Looking south from Horn Lane into Market place. Churchfield Road to the left, King Street to the right.

Churchfield Road Looking to the West. This was one of the important shopping streets of Acton. (DK)

An early view of Gunnersbury Lane.

This is said to be the view from Cock and Crown Yard, looking North. It is suggested that this postcard has been printed back to front – the church tower is not symmetrical.

A later view looking up Mill Hill Grove

Acton’s Churches

St Mary’s Church with the London and South Western Bank and a tram to Southall.

St Mary’s Church with, on the right, the London and South Western Bank and to the left, King Street. The area in front of the Church, formerly dense housing and shops was cleared in the late 1900’s and is laid out as a garden.

St Mary’s Church with, on the right, the London and South Western Bank.

The church from Churchfield Road, looking South West. (DK)

The interior of the St Mary's Church. Note the Gallery on the left (north side) that has now been removed.

St Mary’s Church in 2006 before the recent redevelopment of the Town Square.

A church dedicated to St. Mary existed as early as 1231, when Walter, rector of Acton, is first recorded. The church served the whole parish until 1872, and also acted as the seat of local government. The rapid increase in population of Acton in the mid 19th century brought about the rebuilding of St. Mary's and new parish churches  for South Acton (All Saints) in 1873, East Acton (St. Dunstan's) in 1880, and Acton Green (St Alban’)s in 1888. The original church was extended, developed, and added to until the whole church, except the tower, was demolished in 1865, because it could seat only 500 and was considered completely unsuitable. The present church, consisting of a chancel, nave with aisles, and south-east chapel, was built of red brick with stone dressings to the design of H. Francis in a Decorated style. The tower was rebuilt in 1876 and the vestry was extended over part of the churchyard in 1906.

St Alban’s Church, Acton Green built in 1887/78 in Edwardian times, and (below) about 2000.

Wesleyan Church, Acton Hill, now the Acton Hill Methodist Church.

In 1907 this church replaced the earlier chapel, still existing in Gunnersbury Lane. It was built on site of  “The Oaks”.  Acton Hill Methodist Church, was designed by  Gordon & Gordon, and built of Kentish rag-stone with dressings of Bath stone, with tower and Gothic detail. Originally seated 780 on ground floor, 181 in gallery, 39 in choir. When the Congregational Church in Churchfield Road closed in  1976 an agreement was made with the Acton United Reformed church  for joint use of the church. The church was modernised and made more flexible in use in 1978.

The Congregational Church, Churchfield Road.

Acton’s parks – Acton Park

The Goldsmiths' Company  had grand plans for the laying out of roads, and the construction of large houses on the land bounded by Churchfield Road East, East Acton Lane and Uxbridge Road. However after only building a few houses, the plan was dropped, and sold the  site to the local board for Acton park. In 1888 the local board bought 21 acres from the Goldsmiths' Company and 4 acres from the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and laid out Acton park, between Churchfield Road East and Uxbridge Road including with sports facilities. The grounds were landscaped  in a rustic style by the Cheal family of Gatwick.

The Bandstand (which can now be located by a circular flower bed) is reputed to be the site of one of a number of windmills – this one being sited just beyond the Church Field – one of the common fields of Acton.

One of the features of the new park was the memorial removed from Derwentwater House, installed in 1904.

Acton’s Parks – Woodlands Park

The original pond, and the new pond that was rebuilt in 2006. (DK)

Edwardian view.

Views of the icehouse and the newly restored park taken in 2006 and 2007. (DK)

The former Woodlands House which fronted the High Street opposite the Steyne, together with about 6 acres of land was purchased by the local council in 1903 for the county school (most of the buildings of which still stand in the grounds of the college) and for the laying out of Woodlands Park. The grounds were restored in 2006, the icehouse excavated, and the former pond restored.

Acton’s Parks – Springfield

Springfield Park was the area north of the town along Horn Lane. This may have been on Horn Lane opposite the present day Springfield Gardens. (DK)

Springfield Gardens was formed during the 1930s by the filling in of former gravel and brick clay pits with the soil excavated fron the Acton Northern Relief Sewer. The park was opened to the public by the Mayor (W Atkinson) in June 1935. (DK)

Acton Cottage Hospital

Acton Cottage Hospital was opened in 1898, and was supported by a donation from Passmore Edwards. The earliest part of the building was the central block, but the building was gradually extended by the addition of the pavilions shown in the picture to the left (c. 1910), and by further blocks including a nurses home at the rear, and the War Memorial wing that replaced the left hand pavilion in the 1920’s.Recently, all the old buildings have been replaced with the new Acton Care Home, and the central building restored, as shown in the picture to the right.

Follow this link for more information on Passmore Edwards, and links to further pictures of Acton Cottage Hospital and Acton Library.

South Acton

South Acton was an area of dense housing and many small businesses, the most predominant of which were laundries.

Parish Hall, South Acton.

All Saints Church, South Acton.

Haberdashers School

This picture shows the Haberdashers School in Creffield Road. This is now the Japanese School.

Springfield Park

It is known as “Peacehaven” and was for many years, the home of the “International Friendship League”. It is on the corner of Creswick and Pierpont Roads.

Twyford Avenue.

Berrymead Priory

The priory was situated behind the town hall, on the site of the car park.

The Old Steyne

The Steyne was the stoney ground to the north of the church.

Narrow Street, The Steyne, looking from Rectory Road, March 1904.

The Pensions Building, Acton Vale

This enormous building is the headquarters of the Ministry of Pensions and was erected for the accomodation of the large staff necessary to caryout the work in connection with the administration of about 3,000,000 war pensions (from the First World War). The building has now been converted to living acccomodation.

 

"ACTON THROUGH TIME" by David & Amanda Knights

ISBN 978 1 4456 0867 9

This collection of fascinating images traces some of the changes and developments in Acton (Middlesex) over the past one hundred years.

In the early 1800s Acton consisted of a small group of houses around the church plus a small farming community at East Acton and some farm dwellings. 100 years on and the population had grown and heavy industry and laundries flourished. Today they too have gone, replaced by light industry and the media business. The quiet lanes and byways which were used by horse-drawn carriages, coaches and trams are now busy thoroughfares full of cars, buses and lorries. It has a wide collection of images, including two rare early engravings from 1794 and 1809. These are combined with postcards and photographs from the late 19th, early 20th and 21st centuries. The images are grouped in chapters by area and include informative captions, tracing the growth of this London suburb.

Now available from the authors (for information contact us) or from www.amberley-books.com, bookshops and online retailers.

Most of the images on this page have been provided courtesy of Mr Paul Lang. It is believed that all the images of old postcards on this page are out of copyright.  

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