Nestled unobtrusively behind a wall at the east end of Brampton, this 'Cumberland Machine-Gun and Anti-Tank Rifle Emplacement' pill-box overlooks a crossroads, and was planned to be accompanied by road-blocks. Although quite a small place, Plans for the defence of Brampton consisted of eight road blocks, three Browning-Gun emplacements and two machine-gun emplacements! A further two machine-gun emplacements and another road-block were also planned slightly out of town.

'Cumberland' pattern M/G pill-box at Brampton.

The 'Cumberland' pattern pill-box (described on one drawing as a 'firepost') was designed by the Cumberland County Council's Surveyor, who took receipt of plans for the type F/W 22 pill-box from the Carlisle Garrison Engineer. Bearing little resemblance to a type F/W 22, the 'Cumberland' type was of concrete-filled sandbag construction, with a support / anti-ricochet pillar inside. It fell into one of two types depending on whether three or four loop-holes were employed. Each pill-box had a smaller rifle loop-hole by the entrance.

The pill-box was constructed in a circular 'snail-like' fashion with the entrance formed between the outer wall wound back on itself. The M/G loopholes were made from zinc-coated steel to a local design. Gunners could be positioned sitting or standing, depending on a further variation. In 1941 a Browning-Gun emplacement was designed along similar lines, but with extensions behind the loopholes.

Machine-gun loop-hole The way in Machine-gun loop-hole General topography showing 'snail' shape

BELOW: Inside the pill-box. The RH photograph shows the zinc-coated loophole surround. Careful inspection reveals the sacking intact on the concrete bags used in construction. It looks like this pill-box was designed for the 'sitting' position (compared with the 'standing' variety at Grune Point), as there is no great depth between the firing positions and the centre pillar.

Inside Inside

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