Personalityveryard projects > personality
|consultancy - mentoring and coaching
IMPORTANT NOTE - We do not encourage or support the use of personality testing for the purposes of employee selection or control.
|balance personality and competence|
Personality Balanceveryard projects > personality > balance
|Person||A person may have a "balanced" personality. This may be related to Character.|
|Small Group||The balance within a couple, family, working team People may have complementary or sympathetic personalities, which can enhance the effectiveness and happiness of the group.|
|Large Group||The balance within large organizations, societies or nations, where the "personality" of different subgroups and subcultures becomes relevant.|
Balance is usually regarded as a good thing.
|Notes on Balance
Notes on Character
Personality Classification Schemesveryard projects > personality > classification schemes
|Personal Archetypes||(Jung)||King, Warrior, Magician, Lover|
|Preferences||(Myers-Briggs)||I/E, N/S, T/F, P/J|
|Management Competences||(Kolb)||Affective, Perceptual, Symbolic, Behavioural|
|Team Roles||(Belbin)||Chairman, Plant, Team Player, …|
|Perception Preferences||(NLP)||Visual, Aural, Kinaesthetic|
|Learning Styles||(Rudolph Steiner)||Phlegmatic, Melancholic, Choleric, Sanguine|
We have only listed a few of the better-known classification schemes here. You may be familiar with others, or you may prefer to invent your own variants.
These ways are often interrelated. Thus the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is derived from Jung. Kolb maps onto Jung fairly neatly. There are other divisions into four, such as Lacan’s four discourses, which can also be cross-mapped.
One of the oldest divisions into four is the mediaeval theory of the elements (fire, water, air and earth), which underlies various theories from Steiner’s learning styles to astrology. You don’t have to believe these theories to use them: they remain a valuable source of metaphor.
If classification is taken to be final - This is how it is, This is who I am - then it may reinforce the patterns.
But on the other hand, classification may be understood developmentally,
allowing patterns to be altered where appropriate.
for effective teams
Personality and Competenceveryard projects > personality > competence
|Affective||Being personally involved
Dealing with people
Being sensitive to people’s feelings
Being sensitive to values
|King / Judge|
|Symbolic||Experimenting with new ideas
Creating new ways of thinking and doing
Generating alternative ways of thinking and doing
Analysing quantitative data
Testing theories and ideas
Building conceptual models
|Behavioural||Seeking and exploiting opportunities
Committing yourself to objectives
|Kolb's model of management competences links to his work
on Creativity and Integrity
To see a further mapping onto Lacan's Four Discourses, please see Zones of Competence
Personality Classification for Personal Developmentveryard projects > personality > personal development
|Understand my own strengths and weaknesses||Can make better use of strengths
Can develop personal strategies for weaknesses (avoid exposure, reduce weakness, acquire protection)
|Awareness of my own patterns / valencies||Which roles do I automatically adopt, without thinking?
What temptations am I subject to?
|Develop personal flexibility||Can I develop alternateive strategies?|
I am normally of type A. This describes me pretty well, for most situations.
In certain situations, I feel more like type B. Perhaps some of
my friends and acquaintances see me as a B rather than an A.
This means I have a choice between being A or being B, depending on the situation. This means there is a greater range of situations in which I can be effective.
However, there are some situations I never feel comfortable in. I imagine that these situations suit people of type C, and I don't feel I have any of the attributes of C. I cannot seem to act confidently or effectively in these situations.
Does my private life reflect my working life? Do I find it as hard to make decisions, as hard to communicate or persuade, as hard to organize things, as hard to learn from my mistakes? Or do I display different personality strengths in different contexts?
Personality Classification for Effective Communicationveryard projects > personality > effective communication
|Select people I want to work with||same type / complementary type|
The person I am talking to is of type A. Therefore s/he will understand me better, and will be more sympathetic to what I am saying, if I present the material in this way, use this type of language, this type of example. This sensitivity makes me more persuasive.
Furthermore, if I am sensitive to the way s/he uses language, I will understand better (more thoroughly, more deeply) what is being said, and what is not being said. This sensitivity probably makes me a better listener.
Communication depends on rapport. Rapport is two-sided, it cannot be faked. In pretending to listen more deeply to your customer or employee, you may find that you really are listening more deeply to your customer or employee. (Many people are disappointed by NLP when they discover this.)
Rapport is often thought to demand like styles. This is not always true. Sometimes complementary styles communicate better.
Personality Classification for Building Effective Teamsveryard projects > personality > effective teams
|Develop effective teams||Understand my contribution to team
Understand the contribution of each team member
Recruit team members to fill missing roles
|Understand team strengths and weaknesses||Can make better use of strengths
Can develop group strategies for weaknesses (avoid exposure, reduce weakness, acquire protection)
|Awareness of group patterns|
Do we have different roles with regard to the primary task?
Do we have different psychological roles (scapegoat fantasy, leader fantasy, pairing fantasy)?
What kinds of primary task are we good at, suitable for?
What types / levels of anxiety can we handle without undue stress?
Where are we vulnerable? How do we act strategically to cope with this vulnerability? How do we act unconsciously?
Collective Personality - Group Culture and Styleveryard projects > personality > collective personality
|Understand and improve inter-group relations||Group rapport
|Understand team contribution to whole enterprise|
Personality Change - Patterns of Reinforcement and Replacementveryard projects > personality > change
Some people change jobs or relationships, as the only way they know of to leave behind their bad habits.
There are institutions that offer space to escape from everyday life, where change should be possible. At the extreme, these include psychiatric hospitals, rest cures, monastic retreats and Leicester conferences. Less extreme opportunities to ‘recharge the batteries’ include residential training workshops and ordinary package holidays. But how to make the change stick, when the person returns to the system.
As is well known with mental illness, a person can often be cured away
from the family, but resumes the illness when returned to the ‘bosom’ of
the family. Anorexia, it is said, can only be cured by separation,
either of the girl from her parents or of the parents from one another.
|Can we expect Lord Archer to leave prison a changed man, a reformed character?|
From crisis to managementveryard projects > personality > from crisis to management
Care of the Selfveryard projects > personality > care of the self
|Leadership||Authority for oneself|
|Boundary management||Personal character versus official role|
|Personal awareness||Interpersonal valencies|
|Education and career development||Lifetime requirement
Personal responsibility / duty
Books on Personalityveryard projects > personality > books
|L.H. Martin, H. Gutman and P.H. Hutton (eds), Technologies of the
Self: A Seminar with Michel Foucault
(University of Massachusetts Press, 1988)