Although defence of this vulnerable crossing-point over the river Eden is described on record as a machine-gun emplacement with an anti-tank trap (June 1941), it looks to have been built for something more substantial than a machine-gun - even a Browning gun. I am of the opinion that it would have housed a 2-Pounder anti-tank gun, a weapon developed in the mid-1930's and used throughout WWII, but retired from service by 1945. Some 2-Pounders were issued to the Home-Guard early in the war.

As far back as I could safely get to take a picture!

Set high up an extremely steep embankment overlooking the river Eden, and about 450 metres from the bridge, this concrete-filled sandbag gun-bunker is largely buried beneath the earth. The foliage is thicker now with the passage of time, obscuring what would have been a camouflaged but perfectly visible view of an invading army massing on the Eden flood-plain below. I made a rough sketch - which depicts my interpretation of how it fits in with the embankment. It is similar to the gun-pit at Lazonby, which also guards a bridge over the Eden - part of Western Command Stop-Line No: 18.

Looking SW.   Looking east from the back.   Looking N.

The view from outside. Typically of 'Cumberland' manufacture, using concrete-filled sandbags as a quick, ready and substantial building material. The front opening is as wide as the emplacement's internal width, and there are no loopholes.

Looking inside. The concrete slab roof has been shuttered with corrugated iron sheeting, as is evident from the pictures. A rear entrance - narrower than the wide front opening - is currently boarded up and back-filled with earth, as seen on the middle picture above. It would probably have been a sloped road in. There was enough room to gain access for photography between the roof-slab and the earth.

Inside, view to rear.   Inside, view to front.


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